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Ottoman Archives Y?ld?z Collection The Armenian Question-Talori Incidents


OTTOMAN ARCHIVES YILDIZ COLLECTION THE ARMENIAN QUESTION I -TALORI INCIDENTS
 

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Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 1)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Coded telegram

19th May 1894
From-Office of the General Stall
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Prevention of terrorist activities in Mush

In the message received from the Ministry of interior the following comments were made:
“According to the information furnished by the message received from the governorship of Bitlis, it is deemed necessary that military detachments be sent to support the security forces accompanying the district governors in order to prevent, with the advent of spring, attacks and incidents which would not be met with imperial assent, perpetuated by the rebels who had also been involved in terrorist activities in the sanjak of Mush last year.”

With respect to the above comments your High Command is requested to give its own views.


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14. Document No. 2)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Coded Telegram

27th May 1894
From-Fourth Army Command at Erzincan
To-Office of the General Staff
Subject-Terrorist activities in Mush territory.

Re.-Your telegram dated 19th May 1894.

Through an exchange with the Eighth Division deputy command we have been notified that “although the emergence of a rebellious activity is likely in the Mush region, the security forces would be able to out power the rebels and render them non-detrimental to peace and order.

In case of an in effective performance on the part of the security forces servicemen in the vicinity would immediately be deployed to the trouble spot.”

Under these circumstances it is evident that, the military support demanded by the governorship of Bitlis, and referred to in your telegram, will not be necessary. Nevertheless the final decision rests with the Supreme Command.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 3)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Telegram

27th May 1894
From-Fourth Army Command
To-Office of the General Staff
Subject-Dispatching two military companies to the sanjak of Gench.

The request of the governorship of Bitlis that “due to the remote location of the sanjak of Gench in the vilayet of Bitlis from a strategic point of view, and the insufficient nature of the present security forces, and since the time is ripe for a safe passage of tribes through there and the Talori region, two military companies ought to be sent with the purpose of giving support to the maintenance of security and preventing for incidents occurring against the imperial assent”, has been reiterated by the Territorial Command.

The request has our support and Imperial consent ought to be sought for its materialisation.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 4)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Telegram

28th May 1894
From-Office of the General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Dispatching military troops to the sanjak of Gench.

Re.-Your telegram dated 27th May 1894.

Concerning the two military companies required to be dispatched to the sanjak of Gench, as notified in the above-mentioned telegram, it is requested that you first specify the locality and the number of the military units to be dispatched, with the understanding that the implementation of the orders will occur later.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14. Document No. 5)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Letter

2nd June 1894
From-Office of the General Staff
To-Ministry of Interior
Subject-No military units are necessary to accompany the security forces under the command of the district governors.

Re.-Your letter bearing the date 13th May, 1894 and No. 69.

In response to the following letter from the governorship of Bitlis which stating that “it is necessary to have the military detachments support the security forces accompanying the district governors, in order to prevent, with the advent of spring, attacks perpetuated by the rebels who are involved in terrorist activities in the sanjak of Mush”, and the enclosed letter already mentioned above, further information was sought from the Fourth Army Command.

In the reply received from the aforesaid Command these comments were made:
“Through an exchange with the Eighth Division Deputy Command we have been notified that although the emergence of rebellious activity is likely in the Mush region, the security forces will be able to overpower the rebels and render them non-detrimental to peace and order. In case of an ineffective performance on the part of the security forces, other forces in the vicinity could immediately be deployed to the trouble spot.”

As for the views of the office of the General Staff, it is evident, according to the aforementioned comments, that no military forces to accompany the district governors are necessary.

Enclosed are all the documents referred to.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 6)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Coded Telegram

4th June 1894
From-His Highness Zeki Pasha Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army at Erzincan
To-Office of the General Staff
Subject-Dispatching military detachments to the Talori Zone.

Re.-Your telegram of 28th May 1894.

It has been deemed suitable to form the two companies which are to be dispatched to the Talori Zone from the battalion of the Thirty-second Regiment stationed at Mush.

The matter is now at your discretion, awaitings. His Majesty’s, Imperial consideration and consent.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 7)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Coded Telegram

12th June 1894
From-Fourth Army Command in Erzurum
To-Office of the General Staff
Subject-Dispatching military detachments to the Talori Zone.

Re.-a) Your telegram of 4th June 1894
b) Your telegram of 11th June 1894

With the aim of preventing provocative operations by the Armenians around the Talori Zone, it has been deemed suitable that two companies from the fourth battalion of the thirty second regiment stationed at Mush, ought to be dispatched to the trouble spot. The case was submitted for approval through our telegram (re.-a). Imperial assent has not yet emerged.

As indicated in your telegram (re.-b), and in compliance with the Imperial orders of His Majesty, the creation of the two companies and the preparations for their deployment were considered to be supremely important. We would like to inform you that the Deputy Commandership of the Eighth Division Corps has been notified, concerning the dispatching of the said companies to the aforementioned zone and the realisation of His Majesty’s Imperial orders.


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 8)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Coded telegram

13th June 1894
From-Office of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Dispatching military detachments to the Talori Zone.

Re.-Your telegram of 4th June 1894.

His Majesty’s Imperial Orders concerning the setting up and deployment of two companies from the Fourth battalion of the thirty second Regiment stationed at Mush for the preservation of peace and order during the safe passage of the tribes through the Talori Zone have been issued.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 9)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Coded telegram

2nd July 1894
From-Office of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Armenian separatists in the regions of Sassoon, Kulp and Talori.

Re.-Our telegram of 11th June, 1894.

Your Supreme Command was notified through our aforementioned telegram, about His Majesty’s Imperial orders concerning the pacification of the Armenian separatists, who carry guns and frequent the townships of Sassoon and Kulp and the Talori region, by dispatching an armed detachment.

The said Imperial order had also reached the governorship of Bitlis via the Ministry of Interior and the following reply came:

“Certain persons wearing black headgear and carrying rifles (of the make Martini) frequented the said regions, and provoked the local Armenians to practise tax evasion. They kidnapped one young Muslim boy and his father and took them to the mountains. Since we have been informed that they would resort to similar trouble-making, the regional authority has been given orders to find out their true identity and to arrest them immediately.”

After these disclosures by the Ministry of Interior, the Prime Ministry also followed suit.
Both these disclosures are pointers to the fact that His Imperial Majesty’s orders soon be carried out.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 10)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Telegram

5th July 1894
From-Fourth Army Command
To-Office of the General Staff
Subject-Two military companies dispatched to Talori.

Re.-Your telegram of 2nd July 1894.

The two companies created for the Talori region have already been dispatched on 23 rd June 1894. Furthermore the local command was also notified of the urgency to carry out His Majesty’s Imperial orders concerning the persons who are engaged in terrorist activities.


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 11)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office .

Coded telegram

25th July 1894
From-His Highness Zeki Pasha Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army at Erzincan
To-Office of General Staff
Subject-Measures taken against Armenian terrorism in the Talori Region.

Re.-a) Our telegram of 5th July 1894.
b) Your telegram of 22nd July 1894.

Last year, in compliance with the Imperial orders of His Majesty, a battalion of the military force stationed at Erzurum was dispatched to the Talori region with the aim of preventing likely clashes and fights between the Armenians of the said region and the regional tribes. However, upon realising that the likelihood of any confrontation had been based on an unreliable source, the aforementioned battalion was withdrawn, also during the course of last year. As disclosed by the governorship of Bitlis, it is this very battalion which had been withdrawn from Gench.

This year, after having felt that Armenians of the said region might resort to hostile activities such as armed patrolling of the vicinity, as noted in our telegram (re.-a), two companies of the battalion at Mush were dispatched to the Talori zone and were not withdrawn.

Nevertheless, a battalion created for Mush was barely adequate for the maintenance of public order and security of the locality. Since it is in the neighbourhood of Talori, and it is deemed unsuitable to dispatch forces created from other military units, the deployment of two companies from here was quite sufficient for the aforementioned zone.

Furthermore since it is surmised that the Armenian separatists of Mush, taking advantage of the situation, might resort to activities with ill-intentions, the two companies already deployed could not be dispatched to Gench. Under these circumstances their proximity to Mush was obviously more desirable. In fact, the aforementioned companies, at present, are stationed around the Talorian neighborhood of Mush.

The reason why such dispatches of military forces were necessary to check ill-intentions and separatist activities of Armenians of the Talori region is as follows:

The annual safe passage of the Bekran tribe through Talori via ?IK and ?MAYH (undeciphered, coded place names) was blocked by the governorship of Bitlis for the past couple of years due to groundless and misleading complaints of the said separatists. In fact the said tribe’s safe passage to the aforementioned plains (re.-undeciphered codes) via Talori used to obstruct all the if-intentioned activities of the local Armenians.

This useful point if considered by the governorship of Bitlis, and the aforementioned tribe is again granted the right of safe passage through Talori to travel to and from the plains, it is certain, and verifiiable through past evidence, that the Armenians would not be able to indulge in treacherous activities of such ill intentions at a territory under the patronage of his Imperial Majesty.

It is naturally the Supreme Command’s orders through which whatever is necessary will be executed under the light of the above report.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 12)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Coded telegram 5th August 1894
From-His Highness Zeki Pasha Commander-in Chief of the Fourth Army at Erzincan
To-Office of the General Staff
Subject-Armenian terrorist activities and brigandry in the Talori Zone.

In order to prevent any terrorist activities and brigandry of the Armenians at the township of Talori situated between the administrative districts of the Sassoon and Kulp, and since the Thirty-first Regiment which is originally the military unit of Bitlis and Siirt had been dispatched to Mousul, of the two remaining regiments at Mush and Bitlis, as demanded by the Imperial orders of His Majesty, only two companies were deployed to the Northern village of Shinik, about six hours away from Mush and southerly located behind the Mush Mountains.

In a letter received from the territorial command, it is noted that due to the absence of the said regiment, and the inadequate service rendered by the considerably small military force comprising only two companies, and due to the disorganized employment of the gendarmerie in the vilayet of Bitlis and in its sanjaks, Gench and Mush, the Armenian separatists would likely gather together at Talori as a small force with the intention of attacking the local Muslims and the aforementioned companies.

Since there exists His Majesty’s Imperial order concerning the pacification of such seditious operations of the Armenians, it is absolutely imperative that an adequate force be dispatched to overpower them.

It is within the knowledge of your. High Command that the major units of the army are stationed at certain critical spots. In case of any of these units leave their stations, a sedition might well arise. Therefore under these circumstances it is deemed suitable that the constitution of a possible force should include: two companies at the northern village of Shinik, two other companies of the fourth battalion stationed at Mush which is a part of the thirty-second Regiment, two more companies of the second battalion stationed at Bitlis which is also a part of the same regiment The constituted force ought to be aided by a gendarmerie unit created in the vilayet of Bitlis and by two mountain guns from Mush and finally dispatched to Talori under the command of Salih Bey a lieutenant colonel from the aforementioned regiment. The seditionaries mission, the Twenty-third Cavalry Regiment, already stationed at Mush, ought to remain there in order to maintain peace and order at the locality, while the third battalion of the Twenty-ninth Infantry Regiment, currently en route to Van from Siirt, ought to be provisionally kept alert at Bitlis.

If the above mentioned scheme approved by His Imperial Majesty it is most desirable that the Imperial orders reach us promptly.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 13)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Covering letter

6th August 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-His Imperial Majesty the Sultan
Subject-Armenian separatists in the Talori Zone.

Re.- a) Fourth Army Commandership’s telegram of 5th August 1894.
b) Letter of the Office of the General Staff.

His Imperial Majesty the Sultan,
The telegram received from the Fourth Army Command is presented for His Majesty’s Imperial consideration:

In order to prevent terrorist activities and brigandry of the Armenians at the township of Talori, situated between the administrative districts of Sassoon and Kulp, as demanded by the Imperial orders of His Majesty, from the two regiments at Mush and Bitlis, two companies were dispatched to the Northern village of Shinik, about six hours away from Mush and southerly located behind the Mush mountains.

In a letter received from the territorial command, it is noted that since the Thirty-first Regiment, which is originally the military unit of Siirt and its vicinity, had been dispatched to Mousul, due to the absence of this regiment and the inadequate service rendered by the considerably small military force, comprising only two companies, and due to the disorganized employment of the gendarmerie in the vilayet of Bitlis, and in its sanjaks Gench and Mush, the Armenian separatists would very likely gather together at Talori, as a small force, with the intention of attacking the local Muslims and the aforementioned companies.

Since there exists His Majesty’s Imperial order concerning the pacification of such seditious operations of the Armenians, it is absolutely imperative that an adequate force be dispatched to overpower them.

However the major units of the army are stationed at certain critical spots in case of any of these units leave their stations a sedition might well arise. Therefore under these circumstances it is deemed suitable that the constitution of a possible force should include: two companies at the northern village of Shinik, two other companies of the fourth battalion stationed at Mush which is a part of the Thirty-second regiment, two more companies of the second battalion stationed at Bitlis which is also a part of they same regiment. The thus constituted force, amounting to a total of one-and-a-half battalions ought to be aided by a gen. darmerie unit created in the vilayet of Bitlis and by two mountain guns to be found at Mush, and finally dispatched to Talori under the command of Salih Bey, a lieutenant colonel from the aforementioned regiment. The seditionaries will thus be pacified. Furthermore until this unit accomplishes its mission, the Twenty. third Cavalry Regiment already stationed at Mush, ought to remain there in order to maintain peace and order at that locality, while the third battalion of the Twenty-ninth infantry Regiment, currently en route to Van from Siirt ought to be provisionally kept alert at Bitlis, as a reserve force.

Under the light of these disclosures enclosed is a report drafted by the Office of the General Staff concerning the authorization of the Fourth Army Command.

Whatever is necessary will be executed in compliance with the Imperial command of His Majesty, who is also concurrently the Caliph.

Chief of General Staff RIZA
His Imperial Majesty the Sultan’s Humble Servant

7th August 1894

His Imperial Majesty the Sultan’s Orders

From-His Majesty’s Imperial First Secretary
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Authorization of the Fourth Army Command concerning the measures to be taken against the Armenian separatists.

Re-Your letter of 6th August 1894.

Your Highness,
His Majesty has had access to your letter and its enclosure.
His Majesty grants Imperial authorization to the Fourth Army Command to mobilize a reserve force, if there need be with the maximum capacity of a cavalry or an infantry regiment, not subject to further dispensation, in order to immediately pacify even the seemingly minor aggressive attempts of the Armenian insurgents.
The matter is now under the com-



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 14)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Telegram

7th August 1894
From-Office of the General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Authority granted to the Fourth Army Commandership

Re.-Your telegram of 5th August 1894.

Due to the assaults of the Armenian separatists gathered together at Talori your telegram (re-above), in which Imperial authorisation was sought, is submitted for His Imperial Majesty’s consideration, in this telegram it was deemed suitable that the two companies at the northern village of Shinik, two other companies of the fourth battalion stationed at Mush which was apart of the Thirty-second Regiment, two more companies of the fourth battalion stationed at Bitlis which was also a part of the same regiment were to unite to constitute a force amounting to a total of one-and-a-half battalions, furthermore this force was to be aided by a gendarmerie unit created in the Vilayet of Bitlis, and by two mountain guns from Mush, and was to be finally dispatched to Talori under the command of Salih Bey, a lieutenant colonel from the aforementioned regiment. The seditionaries would thus be pacified. Furthermore until this force would accomplish its mission, the Twenty-third Cavalry Regiment, already stationed at Mush was to remain there in order to maintain peace and order at that locality, while the third battalion of the Twenty-ninth Infantry Regiment currently en route to Van from Siirt was to be provisionally kept alert at Bitlis.

Under these circumstances I have the honour to notify you that you have been granted an authorization to mobilize a reserve force, if there need be, with a maximum capacity of a cavalry or an infantry regiment to immediately pacify even the seemingly minor aggressive attempts of the Armenian insurgents.


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 15)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Coded telegram

11th August 1894
From-His Highness Zeki Pasha Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army
To-Office of the General Staff
Subject-Operations of the armed Armenian separatists at Talori and Van.

Re.-Your telegram of 5th August 1894

Through our earlier telegram, you were already notified about the availability of a battalion and two guns, to join the two companies, already stationed at Talori and Van, in order to pacify the armed Armenian separatists.

Now we have been notified, through a telegram received from the Cavalry Divisional Command that a considerable number of separatists attempted to assault the two companies, which were previously stationed at the village of Shinik. Although you have been notified and consulted on the likelihood, if there need be, of the mobilization of one of the regiments of the reserve militia of Harput to overpower and pacify the aforementioned separatists, it is obvious that such an operation is most time-consuming and we cannot possibly afford to lose time under the pressing circumstances.

Until the arrival of the aforementioned emergency forces, and under the light of the above disclosures, and as an urgent cautionary measure against all contingencies, the Command has been notified to have the third battalion of the Twenty-ninth Regiment, initially halted at Bitlis en route to Van, dispatched to Mush.

Under these circumstances it is deemed suitable that, in order to prevent any insurgent activity of the Armenians, and to ait the maintenance of peace and order of that locality, and to support the unit created for Talori, the first battalion of the Twenty-fifth Regiment, initially of Erzurum, is to be immediately dispatched to Mush, and upon the completion of its mission is to return to home base.

It is your High Office’s prerogative that we soon receive His Majesty’s Imperial command on this issue.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question. Vol. 14, Document No. 16)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office 1282

Special Statement

13th August 1894
From-His Imperial Majesty’s First Secretary
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Granting of Authority to the Fourth Army Commandership

Re-Your letter dated 13th August, 1894

His Imperial Majesty has had access to your letter (re.-above) which had the following purport in the form of two separate telegraphic replies that came from the Fourth Army Command. The first one was about the mobilization of one of the regiments of the reserve militia of Erzurum and Harput, due to the reception of the news that the Armenians of Talori and its vicinity were gathering at Talori, with the intention of assaulting the local Muslims and the military force of two companies stationed there. The second one was on the adoption of the following urgent cautionary measure against all contingencies, since the aforementioned mobilization was most time-consuming and any loss of time under the pressing circumstances could not be afforded. Therefore the first battalion of the Twenty-fifth Regiment, initially of Erzurum, was to be immediately dispatched to Mush and upon the completion of its mission was to return to home base.

It is his Majesty’s Imperial Command that since the mobilization of the reserve militia is solely a wartime practice, the prospect of mobilizing one of the reserve militia regiments of Erzurum or Harput, for the pacification of the aforementioned separatists, is to be given up, and in order to aid the aforementioned forces, and in compliance with the above disclosures, and with the authorization which is sought, the Fourth Army Command is to be requested to have solely the first battalion of the Twenty-fifth Regiment dispatched to Mush. Furthermore the Fourth Army Command is to be renotified that they have been granted an authorization to mobilize a reserve force, if there need be, with a maximum capacity of a cavalry or an infantry regiment, not subject to further dispensation, in order to immediately pacify even the seemingly minor aggressive attempts of the Armenian insurgents.

In line with His Majesty’s Imperial orders, the aforementioned statements of the High Office of your ministry are returned.

It is the prerogative of your High Office to issue authorization on this matter.

Imperial First Secretary Süreyya



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 17)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Coded telegram

14th August 1894
From-Office of the General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Imperial Decree on the mobilization of the military units.

The telegrams received from your command have both been submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration. The first was on the mobilization of one of the reserve militia regiments, concerning the likely attempt of the Armenians of the township of Talori and its vicinity, gathering at Talori and attacking the local Muslims and the two companies stationed there. The second one was on the immediate dispatching of the first battalion of the Twenty-fifth regiment, originally of Erzurum, to Mush, and upon the completion of its mission, having it return to home base, since the above mentioned operation was most time-consuming and under the pressing circumstances it could not be afforded.

On this matter it is His Majesty’s Imperial command that, since the mobilization of the reserve militia is solely a wartime practice, the prospect of mobilizing one of the reserve militia regiments of Erzurum or Harput, for the pacification of the aforementioned separatists, is to be given up, and in order to aid the aforementioned forces, and in compliance with the above disclosures and with the authorization which is sought, the Fourth Army Command is to be requested to have solely the first battalion of the Twenty-fifth regiment dispatched to Mush. Furthermore the Fourth Army Command is to be renotified that they have been granted an authorization to mobilize a reserve force, if there need be, with a maxi-mum capacity of a cavalry or an infantry regiment, not subject to further dispensation, in order to immediately pacify even the seemingly minor aggressive attempts of the Armenian insurgents.
You are requested to comply with His Majesty’s Imperial orders.


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question. Vol. 14, Document No. 18)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office 1325

Special Statement

16th August 1894
From-Imperial First Secretary
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Increasing the number of soldiers in the battalions.

As we have been informed by the High Command of the Fourth Army, the battalions, each constituting five hundred soldiers, which were to be dispatched to Mush to overpower the insurgents at the township of Talori and its vicinity, are being created from the reserve force of the territories of Erzurum, Van, Bitlis and Mush. However since five hundred is considered to be an inadequate number, it is His Majesty’s Imperial orders that the aforementioned High Command is requested to have these battalions, constituting eight hundred soldiers, with the understanding that the number is to be reduced to its present state after the completion of their mission.

It is the prerogative of Your High Office to issue an authorization on this matter.

Imperial First Secretary Süreyya

For the implementation the aforementioned High Command has been notified.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 19)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Coded telegram

16th August 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Increasing the number of soldiers in the battalions to eight hundred.

Re.-Imperial First Secretary’s statement dated 16th August 1894 and No. 1325.

In compliance with His Majesty’s Imperial orders, Your High Command has informed us that the battalions, each constituting five hundred soldiers, to be dispatched to Mush, were being created from the reserve force of the territories of Erzurum, Van, Bitlis, and Mush.

In a further note from the Imperial First Secretary, we have been in. formed that since five hundred was considered to be an inadequate number, it was His Majesty’s Imperial orders that your High Command had been requested to have these battalions constituting eight hundred soldiers with the understanding that the number was to be reduced to its present state after the completion of their mission.

It is your prerogative to have the orders implemented.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 20)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Telegram

21st August 1894
From-Office of the General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Overpowering the insurgents at Talori.

In a statement received from the Prime Ministry, it was noted that the armed separatists around Talori attacked the Farikar, Dikranl? and Badiganl? tribes, and that in the ensuing clashes both sides suffered caluasties often dead and ten wounded, and that certain local pregnant Muslim women suffered miscarriages. Furthermore, it was noted that the governorship of Bitlis had written to you, concerning the overpowering of these separatists, so that their chances of perpetuating evil would be halted. Through this statement, we have also been instructed to authorize your High Command about the measures to be taken.

Under these circumstances it is suggested that the aforementioned insurgents ought to be overpowered so that they would not be given a chance to perpetuate further evil. In fact, there are several earlier Imperial orders of His Majesty on this issue that you have been notified of. Therefore we await the news of the immediate overpowering of these insurgents by adopting military measures.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document 21)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Special Statement

24th August 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Imperial First Secretary
Subject-Rumours that four thousand Armenian insurgents gathered around the Talon zone, the situation of the military forces and mobilising new units.

Due to His Majesty’s Imperial orders that the Fourth Army Command is to be instantly notified about the immediate dispatch of the requisite force to immediately pacify the Armenian insurgents who have gathered around the Talori Mountains in the Vilayet of Bitlis, as indicated in your special statement dated 21st August 1894, the said High Command was at once notified.

It is further noted in two more telegrams (the first received as a reply from the Fourth Army Command, the second one presently came direct) that according to the news originating from the Cavalry major-general Ethem Pasha, the Armenian separatists of the Talori zone and its vicinity, were apparently armed with rifles (of the make Martini and Berdan), and hiding themselves at the Anduk mountains, and according to the rumours their number was around four thousand.

Though the number may have been exaggerated, against all rumours and all contingencies, the vilayets of Van, Bitlis, Erzurum have been effectively notified that the initially set up force of army regulars amounting to three-and-a-half battalions ought to be increased to eight hundred soldiers each, in line with His Majesty’s Imperial orders, and that in order to materialize such a scheme, the new and reserve soldiers ought to be mobilized and dispatched to Mush, as promptly as possible. However, from the vilayet of Erzurum, seventy or eighty soldiers were summoned, and from Van and Bitlis not a single soldier turned up yet. Since local authorities are responsible for such operations, it is deemed suitable that the said vilayets be appropriately advised.

Moreover since the summoning e and dispatching the said number of soldiers would be most time-consuming, and due to the gravity of the situation, such a thing could not be afforded, and since winter is also drawing near, in compliance with His Majesty’s imperial orders, it is deemed suitable that, for the pacification and overpowering of the aforementioned insurgents, in case the readily available regular forces were to be dispatched to Mush, as an emergency measure, totally two hundred able fusiliers from the third and fourth battalions of the twenty-fifth regiment at Erzurum, be dispatched to Mush with the understanding that the missing number of soldiers will later be replaced with new ones.

For the forces thus constituted (through upgrading the aforementioned battalions), it is also deemed suitable that two more mountain guns (to add to the already provided e two) be immediately dispatched to Mush from Erzurum.

Furthermore in compliance with His Majesty’s Imperial orders, to increase the number of soldiers in the aforementioned battalions to eight hundred each, the Sublime Porte is informed by us through writing that it has to authorize the said vilayets to summon and dispatch new and reserve soldiers as quickly as possible.

Due to the earlier disclosures by the Fourth Army Command, since we have already officially asked, in writing, for a grant of authorisation concerning the supply of two mountain guns for the aforementioned forces, with the blessing of His Imperial Majesty, two hundred soldiers ought to be immediately dispatched to Mush with the understanding that they would be replaced with new ones, in order to instantly pacify the said insurgents.

Finally, it is requested that the Imperial grant of authorisation would soon be issued for the said High Command to have the two mountain guns immediately dispatched to Mush, since through the disclosure it is obvious that they were readily available.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 22)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Coded telegram

25th August 1894
From-His Highness Zeki Pasha, Commander-in Chief of the Fourth Army in Erzincan
To-Office of the General Staff
Subject-Military preparations, and notifying the Vilayets on mobilising new forces.

Re.- a) Your telegram of 21st August, 1894.
b) Our telegram of 23rd August 1894.

It was within your knowledge that the pertinent Command had been notified to have the military force dispatched from Mush for the pacification of the Talori insurgents. In a reply received presently from the said Command, we are informed that the forces have been dispatched this morning.

Since it is supremely important that replacements in the battalions ought to be completed promptly, the Imperial authorisation of His Majesty concerning the battalions chain dispatch from Erzurum, and the dispatch of the two mountain guns and two hundred able soldiers, as requested by our telegram (re.-b), should urgently reach us. Furthermore, we seek your helping hand to have the pertinent Vilayets renotified so that they would immediately summon and dispatch the new and reserve forces.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 23)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office 1625

Special Statement

25th August 1894
From-Imperial First Secretary
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Imperial Decree

Re.-Your special statement of 24th August 1894.

His Imperial Majesty has had access to the following documents and the special statements by the pertinent ministries:

a) A detailed report of the exchange with the Fourth Army Command concerning the pacification of the Armenian insurgents at the Talori mountains.

b) A statement written, to the Sublime Porte so that e an authorisation is issued, concerning the immediate summoning of a new and reserve force, which will increase the number of soldiers to eight hundred, in a force set up with this aim, and comprising army regulars totally of three-and-a-half battalions.

c) Official request, in writing, of an Imperial authorisation so that two mountain guns from Erzurum would be added to the aforementioned force.

d) Ministerial request for an authorisation to the Fourth Army Command to dispatch to Mush, as an emergency measure, totally two hundred able fusiliers from the third and fourth battalions of the twenty-fifth regiment at Erzurum, with the understanding that the missing number of soldiers would later be replaced with new ones.

e)For the forces thus constituted, another ministerial request for an authorisation, to the Fourth Army Command, to have two more mountain guns (to add to the already provided two) immediately dispatched to Mush from Erzurum.

As was the case with all previous Imperial orders of His Majesty, since the ultimate aim had always been the pacification of the said Armenian insurgents, wasting time through such exchanges cannot be forborne.

For, in case of an inadequacy on the part of the dispatched force, and the consequent failure to overpower the insurgents the outcome would indeed have unbearable, and harmful results. There fore the force ought to be set up and dispatched with a sufficient capacity to face all contingencies. For the two hundred able fusiliers, and the two mountain guns (to add to the already provided two), readily available at Erzurum, and awaiting an authorisation by the ministerial official letter, of 22nd August 1894 to be dispatched to Mush, and if there need be for all other requisite dispatches of guns and soldiers, the Fourth Army Command has just been granted full authority by His Majesty’s Imperial orders.

Furthermore, it is also His Majesty’s Imperial orders that the pertinent Vilayets are to be renotified that new and reserve forces are to be summoned, and dispatched in order to increase the number of soldiers, in the aforementioned regiments, of army regulars to eight hundred. The Sublime Porte is informed, on this issue, in writing. It is your High Office’s prerogative to issue orders.

Imperial First Secretary Süreyya
(Fourth Army Command is also notified.)


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 24)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Telegram

25th August 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Conveying the Imperial Decree

Re.- a) Our special statement to the Imperial First Secretary dated 24th August, 1894.
b) Imperial First Secretary’s statement of 25th August, 1894, no. 1625.

The following items have been submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration, and an authorisation was sought for the Forth Army Command through our special note (re.-a).

a) A detailed report of the exchange with your High Office concerning the pacification of the Armenian insurgents at the Talori mountains.

b) A statement written to the Sublime Porte so that an authorisation is issued, concerning the immediate summoning of a new and reserve force, which will increase the number of soldiers to eight hundred, in a force set up with this aim, and comprising army regulars totally of three-and-a-half battalions.

c) Earlier official request, in writing, of an Imperial authorisation so that two mountain guns from Erzurum would be added to the aforementioned force.

d) Dispatching, as emergency measure, to Mush two hundred able fusiliers, from the third and fourth battalions of the Twenty-fifth regiment at Erzurum, with the understanding that the missing number of soldiers would later be replaced with new ones.

e) For the forces thus constituted, dispatching two more mountain guns, (to add to the already provided two), immediately to Mush from Erzurum.

The statement, received from the Imperial First Secretary (re.-b), concerning His Majesty’s Imperial orders, about the above mentioned items, are as follows:

“As was the case with all previous Imperial orders of His Majesty, since the ultimate aim had always been the pacification of the said Armenian insurgents, wasting time through such exchanges cannot be forborne.

For, in case of an inadequacy on the part of the dispatched force, and the consequent failure to overpower the insurgents, the outcome would indeed have unbearable and harmful results. There fore the force ought to be set up and dispatched with a sufficient capacity to face all contingencies. For the two hundred able fusiliers and the two mountain guns (to add to the already provided two), readily available at Erzurum, and awaiting an authorisation to be dispatched to Mush, amid if there need be, for all other requisite dispatches of guns and soldiers, Your High Command has just been granted full authority by His Majesty’s Imperial orders.

Furthermore, it is also His Majesty’s Imperial orders that the pertinent Vilayets are to be renotified that new and reserve forces be summoned, and dispatched in order to increase the number of soldiers, in the aforementioned regiments, of army regulars to eight hundred. The Sublime Porte is informed on this issue, in writing.”

As disclosed, in the above quoted note of the Imperial First Secretary, it is advisable that His Majesty’s Imperial orders soon be implemented.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 25).

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office 1658

26th August 1894
From-Imperial First Secretary
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-ills Imperial Majesty the Sultan’s Orders concerning the military operations

Re.-Fourth Army Command’s telegram of 25th August, 1894.

The following disclosures are to be found in the telegram (re. above) received from the Fourth Army Command:

“The battalion dispacthed from Erzurum yesterday arrived at Mush. The forces set up at Mush left for Talori this morning at dawn.

The source of information received so far from the vilayet of Bitlis is the security forces. This information is not at aft reliable. However according to the latest news received from the commander of the military reconnaissance unit, earlier sent to the area, the insurgents around the Anduk mountains amount to about three thousand and they carry rifles some of which are the make (Martini), some are of foreign make bolted types, and the remaining are of bashibazouk type.

The exact number of the separatists around the Talori zone which is six hours away from the Anduk mountains is still not clear. The forces set out from Mush expect to reach there tomorrow.

The detailed information ordinarily received henceforward, and the deployment locations of our military forces, together with opera tons to be undertaken according to the movements of the insurgents, would immediately be rendered accessible to His Imperial Majesty the Sultan.”

After considering these disclosures of the said High Command His Majesty who is also concurrently the Caliph gave the following Imperial orders:

“Allowing grounds for the insurgents to reach the number three thousand, and the fact that such a figure was discovered at such a late stage could only be a pointer to inadvertency and carelessness. This is a case which could solely emerge on a desert outside the jurisdiction and administration of a state. Yet this issue is of a vitally important nature. Under these circumstances. May God forbid, it could well happen that an incident similar to the one before the war at Rumeli, with the consequent events at Otlukköy, Bosnia and Herzegovina, well-known by the High Office of your ministry, might emerge, and as a result of such an inadvertency and heedlessness foreign states might interfere and separatists would easily find opportunities to practise their insurgent activities.

The dispatched force is obviously inadequate in relation to the number of the insurgents. May God forbid, in case during the clash there emerges a certain minor instance of deterioration on the part of our own forces, the insurgents and the separatists would take advantage of the situation, and assume an arrogant posture. Moreover other insurgent parties might take heart and join the band to broaden their sphere of influence.

Due to the above mentioned reasons, His Highness Zeki Pasha, commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army, has been granted full authority on the following issues:

1) His Highness ought to have sufficient number of Hamidiye regiments immediately armed with sufficient number of rifles from the arsenals of the reserve militia, and deploy them under full military order and command.

2) To ward off any possibility of an instance giving cause for complaint, His Highness ought to appoint commanders to these regiments having real stamina and capacity, furthermore the commander sought to have been appropriately warned against any malpractice of authority which would give cause for complaint.

3) Alternatively His Highness ought to assume personally the commander ship of the said regiments after having his current office deputized by a reliable and trustworthy army commander.

4) In case His Highness renders it indispensable, sufficient number of reserve militia could be summoned, and mobilized, together with a battery of mountain guns, to be added to the aforementioned forces.

5) His Highness ought to have the commander of the already dispatched forces immediately notified that until the newly setup forces join them, clashes with the insurgents are to be avoided and that they are to refrain from taking any heedless steps outside their current stations.

6) His Highness, in command of the newly setup forces, ought to immediately join in the previously mobilized ones, and entirely overpower and pacify the insurgents, in such a mamer that they would ever hardly make another attempt at insurgency. Moreover, His Highness ought to have the anus of the insurgents reinstalled, and at the same time have this problem solved decisively, within a matter of a fortnight.

It is your High Office’s prerogative to have these implemented.

Imperial First Secretary His Humble Servant Süreyya

(For the implemantation the said High Command has been notified.)



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 26)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Telegram

26th August 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Conveying His Imperial Majesty the Sultan’s orders concerning the military operations

Re.-a) Your telegram of 25th August, 1894 sent to the Imperial First Secretary
b) Special Statement of the Imperial First Secretary dated 26th August, 1894, No. 1658.

Your telegram (re.-a) including the following items has been submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration:

“The battalion dispatched from Erzurum yesterday arrived at Mush. The forces set up at Mush left for Talori this morning at dawn.

The source of this information received so far from the vilayet of Bitlis is the security forces. This information is not at all reliable. However according to the latest news received from the commander of the military reconnasiance unit, earlier set to the area, the insurgents around the Anduk mountains amount to about three thousand and they carry rifles some of which are of the make ‘Martini’ some are of foreign make bolted types, and the remaining are of bashibazouk type.

The exact number of the separatists around the Talon zone, which is six hours away from the Anduk mountains, is still not clear. The forces set out from Mush expect to reach there tomorrow.

The detailed information ordinarily received hence forward, and the deployment locations of our military forces, together with operations to be undertaken according to the movements of the insurgents, would immediately be rendered accesible to His Imperial Majesty the Sultan.”

On the above mentioned items His Majesty’s Imperial orders have been disclosed, through the special statement (re.-b) of the Imperial First Secretary. The contents of which are as follows:

“Allowing grounds for the insurgents to reach the number three thousand, and the fact that such a figure was discovered at such a late stage could only be a pointer to inadvertency and carelessness. This is a case which could solely emerge on a desert outside the juristiction and administration of a state. Yet this issue is of a vitally important nature. Under these circumstances, May God forbid, it could well happen that an incident similar to the one before the war at Rumeli, with the consequent events at Otlukköy, Bosnia and Herzegovina, might emerge, and as a result of such an inadvertency and heedlessness foreign states might interfere, and separatists would easily find opportunities to practise their insurgent activities.

The dispatched force is obviously inadequate in relation to the number of the insurgents. May God forbid, in case during the clash the number of the insurgents May God forbid, in case during the clash there emerges a ceration minor instance of deterioration on the part of our own forces, the insurgents and the separatists would take advantage of the situation, and assume an arrogant posture. Moreover other insurgent parties might take heart and join the band to broaden their broaden their sphere of influence.”

Due to the above mentioned reasons, Your High Command has been granted full authority by His Majesty’s Imperial orders for the implementation of the following issues:

1) Sufficient number of Hamidiye regiments have to be armed with sufficient number of riffles from the arsenals of the reserve, militia, and have to be deployed under fun military order and command.

2) To ward off any possibility of an instance giving cause for complaint, commanders have to be appointed to these regiments who have got real stamina and capacity. Furthermore they have to be appropriately warned against any malpractice of authority which would give cause for complaint.

3) The commandership of the said regiments have to be assumed personally after having the current office deputized by a reliable and trustworthy army commander.

4) In case it is rendered indispensable, sufficient number of reserve soldiers have to be summoned and mobilized together with a battery of mountain guns, to be added to the said forces.

5) The commanders of the already dispatched forces have to be immediately notified that until the newly set up forces join them, clashes with the insurgents are to be avoided, and that they are to refrain from taking any heedless steps outside their current stations.

6) In command of the newly set up forces, the previously mobilized ones hove to be immediately joined in, and the insurgents have to be entirely overpowered and pacified, in such a manner that they would hardly make another attempt at insurgency. Moreover the arms of the insurgents have to be reinstalled and at the same time this problem has to be solved decisively within a matter of a fortnight.”

It is requested that these Imperial orders of His Majesty ought to be implemented with the utmost swiftness, information on the operations undertaken, and on the territorial security ought to be continously conveyed, and the name of the deputy ought to be disclosed.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 27)

Department of General Staff

Correspondence Office 1670

Special Statement

27th August 1894
From-Imperial First Secretary
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-His Imperial Majesty’s Orders in the face of recent intelligence

Re.- a) Fourth Army Command’s telegram of 25th August, 1894.
b) Our special statement dated 26th August, 1894.
c) Telegram of 26th August 1894 by the Governorship of Mousul.

It has been disclosed through the telegram received from His Highness Zeki Pasha, commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army, (re.-a) that the number of insurgents around the Andok mountains was about three thousand.

Under these circumstances, since the number of soldiers in the dispatched force was far from being adequate, according to the Imperial orders of His Majesty, the said commander-in-Chief, through our special statement yesterday (re.-b) was asked:

To have sufficient number of Hamidiye regiments immediately armed with sufficient number of rifles from the arsenals of the reserve militia, To assume personally the command ship of the said regiments after having his current office deputized by a reliable and trustworthy army commander.

To set out immediately in command of the newly mobilized forces after adding to this sufficent number of armed reserve soldiers.

Now in a telegram received from the vilayet of Mousul (re.-c) and submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration, it has been noted that:

According to the information received from the governorship of the sanjak of Mush, the number of insurgents is not all that numerous, as was earlier disclosed; and that the military force (totally of about one thousand two hundred soldiers) advancing in the direction of Talori for the last couple of days, has not been heard of facing any resistance; and that, as was earlier pointed out, neither from the governorship of the sanjak of Mush, nor from the vilayet centre, any indication of the figure three thousand is reconfirmed.

It is His Majesty’s Imperial orders that under the present circumstances the Said Pasha ought not necessarily personally assume the commandership of the forces; the aforementioned newly set up forces ought to be dispatched under the direction of the previously appointed commander: dispatching, if he deemed it suitable, the Hamidiye regiments which he himself reorganized and had them armed is his prerogative; furthermore, he is to be notified not to depart.

It is your High Office’s prerogative to have these orders implemented.

Imperial First Secretary His Humble Servant Süreyya

(Orders for implementation have been issued)


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 28)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Office

Coded telegram

27th August 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Conveying His Imperial Majesty’s

Re.-a) Our telegram of 26 August 1894
b) Special statement of the Imperial First Secretary dated 26 August 1894
e) Telegram of the governorship of the sanjak of Mush
d) Telegram of the governorship of Mousul dated 26 August 1894

After the receipt of your telegram that the number of insurgents around the Anduk mountains reached about three thousand, through our following telegram, His Majesty’s Imperial orders (re.-a) were disclosed to the attention of your High Command:

“Since the number of soldiers in the dispatched force was deemed inadequate, you are asked to have sufficient number of Hamidiye regiments immediately armed with sufficient number of rifles from the arsenals of the reserve militia; and to assume personally the commander ship of the said regiments after having your current office deputized by a commander at the army centre; and to set out immediately in command of the newly mobilized forces, to which, if you deem necessary, sufficient number of additional armed soldiers is to be included.”

Now in a special statement received from the Imperial First Secretary (re.-b), there is mention of a telegram from the governorship of the sanjak of Mush (re.-c) in which it is noted that the military force (totally of about one thousand two hundred soldiers) advancing in the direction of Talori for the last couple of days, has not been heard of facing any resistance; furthermore, there is mention of another telegram from the Vilayet of Mousul (re.-d) in which it is pointed out that neither from the governorship of the sanjak of Mush, nor from the vilayet centre, any indication of the figure three thousand is reconfirmed.

Under the present circumstances it is His Majesty’s Imperial orders that you ought not necessarly personally assume the commandership of the forces; the aforementioned newly set up force ought to be dispatched under the direction of the previously appointed commander, dispatching, if you deem it suitable, the Hamidiye regiments, which you yourself reorganized and had them armed, is your prerogative; furthermore, you are to be notified not to depart.
It is requested that the Imperial orders of His Majesty are to be implemented.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 29)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Telegram

27th August 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Request for information concerning operations

Due to the Imperial orders of His Majesty received earlier and to night, you are expected to immediately convey to us the nature of the operation and ventures undertaken by the army. Furthermore, a reply to our request on the exact location of Talori is urgently awaited.


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 30)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Special statement

27th August 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Imperial First Secretary
Subject-Notification of the Commander-in-chief of the Fourth Army about the Imperial orders on not departing

Re.-Your special statement of 27 August 1894

Your special statement (re. above) concerning the notification of His Highness Zeki Pasha, commander-in-chief of the Fourth Army, through the Imperial orders of His Majesty the Sultan who is also currently the Caliph, not to depart to Talori, has been presently received, although His Highness was earlier asked to personally assume the commandership of the forces dispatched to the said zone.

The Imperial orders were immediately conveyed to His Highness by cable.
However, just before cabling the message, we are now informed by cable that the Pasha has already departed in the direction of Mush.

In order to have His Majesty’s Imperial orders fully implemented another cable is sent to the Pasha to ask him to return to headquarters.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question. Vol. 14, Document No. 31)
Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Telegram

27th August 1894
From-Fourth Army Command
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Departure to Mush of the Commander-in-chief of the Fourth Army

It is to your attention that, in compliance with His Majesty’s Imperial orders, I have departed to Mush.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 32)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Telegram

27th August 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Commander-in-chief of the Fourth Army to return to Headquarters

Since leaving headquarters is deemed unsuitable in the Imperial orders of His Majesty, presently received in a coded telegram you are to return to headquarters.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 33)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept. 1712

Special Statement

28th August 1894
From-Office of the Imperial First Secretary
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Whether or not the Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army ought to go to the operations area

Re.-Your letter of 27th August, 1894

Your letter (re.-above) concerning the second telegram you sent to His Highness Zeki Pasha, Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army that he is to return to the Army Headquarters, has been submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration. In compliance with an earlier Imperial order, His Highness had left for Mush, although he has been ordered to postpone his departure to go to Talori.

According to His Majesty’s Imperial orders concerning this issue, His Highness, assuming personal responsibility, has been granted the license of acting through the dictates of his own better judgement.

It is your High Office’s prerogative to have these orders implemented.

Imperial Undersecretary Faik

(For the implementation, the above-mentioned person has been notified).


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306. (Armenian Question Vol. 14, Document No. 34)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Telegram

27th August 1894
From-Fourth Army Command
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Report concerning military operations

Re.-a) Your telegram of 13th August 1894
b) Your telegram of 14th August 1894

The military force comprising three-and-a-half battalions has entirely been dispatched to Talori. Just as we received your telegrams (re.-a and -b) granting us full authorization, two hundred able soldiers and the four mountain guns from the infantry battalions of Erzurum had been expedited yesterday morning to support the said force.

Furthermore, due to the urgency of the case, in reserve for the said forces, the numbers of the eighth Marksmen’s battalion of the Headquarters and the second battalion of the twenty sixth regiment of Harput have been increased to five hundred each by the soldiers of the battalions of the Harput centre. After fully equipping them, yesterday the Marksmen’s battalion, and today the second battalion have been dispatched to Mush, and they are expected to arrive there within seven days. Likewise half a Hamidiye cavalry regiment, in charge of securing peace and order in Mush and its vicinity, through. His Majesty’s Imperial orders, is expected to reach there in a couple of days.

The missing number in the battalions of regulars in Erzurum, Erzincan and Harput is being completed by newly mobilized soldiers and reserves.

In the telegram received from the commandership of the said military unit, set out from Mush, and advancing in the direction of Talori, it has been pointed out that:

“The units had reached the outskirts of Mount VEMV (undeciphered, coded name), the hide-out of the insurgents; they escaped to Talori upon being informed that the forces had set out from Mush; the units were in pursuit of the insurgents.”

As a reply it has been cabled that “Thinking there ought to be a reason as to why the insurgents left Mount Anduk, the matter was to be taken up seriously and carefully investigated.”

Information concerning the geographical situation of Talori has been presented in another telegram. Other points are also being looked to. Information is to be furnished gradually.


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 35)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Coded-Telegram

28th August 1894.
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Communication of orders concerning departure of the Army Commander

Re.-Your two telegrams both dated 27th August 1894

His Majesty’s Imperial Orders that you are to postpone your departure to go to Talori have been conveyed to you by our telegrams (re.-above).

Now in a special statement received from the High Office of the Imperial First Secretary it has been noted that:

“According to His Majesty’s Imperial Orders, assuming personal responsibility, you have been granted the license of acting through the dictates of your better judgement.

You are requested to have His Imperial Majesty’s orders implemented and inform us about the outcome accordingly.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question Vol. 14. Document No. 36)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept. 1719

Special Statement

28th August 1894
From-Imperial First Secretary
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-New activities by Armenian insurgents and measures needing to be taken

Your Ministerial High Office yesterday had been informed that it was deemed unsuitable for the Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army, His Highness Zeki Pasha to personally assume commandership of the organized forces, since it has been conveyed by the governorships of the Sanjak of Mush and the Vilayet of Bitlis that the number of the insurgents around Talori was not around three thousand.

Furthermore, today, your Ministerial High Office was also informed that according to his Majesty’s Imperial Orders, assuming personal responsibility, His Highness has been granted the license of acting through the dictates of his better judgement.

Now in a letter received from the Prime Ministry it is pointed out that according to the disclosures made in a statement sent by the Vilayet of Bitlis, Armenians assaulted and harassed the Kurds of the Mush area. Since the armed Armenians were quite numerous the Kurds could not put forth any effective resistance. A village was burnt down and, as the number of Armenians gradually multiply, and since the insurgents have a small size gun and fire-arms, and since the military units mobilized and to be deployed against them, have not yet reached the Talori region, emotions and excitement have risen high amongst the Kurds.

Under the present circumstances, in compliance with the Imperial Orders of His Majesty’s, it is conveyed to you that His Highness Zeki Pasha, Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army ought to set out immediately by assuming the commandership of the available organized forces, and having the license of arming sufficient number of regiments from the Hamidiye cavalry regiments together with sufficient number of reserve militia, and the license of taking a battery of guns according to the dictates of his better judgement.

It is your High Office’s prerogative to have the orders implemented.

Imperial First Secretary Süreyya

(The aforementioned has been notified.)



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question. Vol. 14, Document No. 37)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept

Coded-telegram

28th August 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-A new command by the Sultan following attacks by Armenian insurgents on tribal
groups

Re.-a) Our telegram of 27th August, 1894
b) Our telegram of 28th August, 1894
c) Special Statement by the Imperial First Secretary bearing the date 28th August, 1894 and no. 1719

Your High Command, yesterday, had been informed through our telegram (re.-a) that it was deemed unsuitable for your eminent presence to personally assume commandership of the organized forces, since it has been conveyed by the governorships of the Sanjak of Mush and the Vilayet of Bitlis that the number of the insurgents around Talori was not around three thousand.

Furthermore, today, you have also been notified through our telegram (re.-b) that, according to ills Majesty’s Imperial Orders, assuming personal responsibility, you are granted the license of acting through the dictates of your better judgement.

Now in a special statement received from the High Office of the Imperial First Secretary (re.-c) the following disclosures were made:

“As it was pointed out in the letter sent by the Prime Ministry, written after the receipt of the telegram of the Vilayet of Bitlis, Armenians assaulted and harassed the Kurds of the Mush area. Since the armed Armenians were quite numerous the Kurds could not put forth any effective resistance. A village was burat down, and as the number of Armenians gradually multiply, and since the insurgents have a small size gun and fire-arms, and since the military units mobilized and to be deployed against them, have not yet reached the Talori region, emetions and excitement have risen high amongst the Kurds.”

Under the light of the above disclosures:
There has emerged His Majesty’s Imperial orders that you ought to set out immediately by assuming the commandership of the organized forces, and that you are granted to have the license of arming sufficient number of regiments from the Hamidiye cavalry regiments together with sufficient number of reserve militia, and taking a battery of guns according to the dictates of your better judgement.

It is conveyed to you that His Majesty’s Imperial orders are to be immediately implemented.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306. (Armenian Question Vol. 14, Document No. 38)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept

Coded-telegram

28th August 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Elimination of inconsistencies in incoming news

Re.-a) Your telegram of 27th August 1894
b) The telegram cabled to the sublime Porte by the Governorship of Bitlis, bearing the date 26th August, 1894

Your High Command’s telegram (re.-a), pertaining to the dispatching of three-and-a-half battalions of Mush to Talori; in compliance with His Imperial Majesty’s orders, in order to increase the number of soldiers in the battalions, the expediting of able soldiers and four guns and, as a reserve force, two more battalions to Mush; and other topics have aft been discussed.

Your eminent personality is highly appreciated and is to be thanked for its remarkably swift and prompt performance in organization and implementation. Furthermore we wish you every success in the best handling and solving of the case presented below:

In the last paragraph of the telegram of Your High Command (re.-a) it is pointed out that:
“The insurgents using Mount Anduk as a hide-out, escaped to Talori upon being informed that the forces had set out from Mush.”

Those facts affirm the information furnished by the governorships of the Sanjak of Mush and the Vilayet of Musul and submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration yesterday. However in the telegram cabled to the Sublime Porte by the Governorship of Bitlis (re.-b) the following disclosures were made:

In a telegram they received from the Governorship of the Sanjak of Mush, it is stated that due to the presence of armed separatists around Talori and Kulp regions, and the delay in the pacification and out powering of the Armenian insurgents, result in a big boost in their numbers and the assaults they make on the local tribes. The Governorship was several times notified about these incident, yet the insurgents alternatively attacked and harassed the Kurds this time. Since the armed Armenians were quite numerous, the Kurds could not put forth any effective resistance and thus a village was burat down.

In a telegram received by the devision, cabled from the Central Major’s office in Mush, it is pointed out that the number of the insurgents multiply continuously. Furthermore They spread rumours among the local Muslim folk with the aim of raising tension by announcing publicly that they would die for their own cause. As a result, a certain Sheik Omar of the region of the Sanjak of result, a certain Sheik Omar of the region of the Sanjak of Gench, by organizing the Kurdish tribes, seems apparently ready to attack the insurgents. Under these circumstances it is requisite that a force ought to be dispatched to the regions of Sassoon, Kulp and Hayan.

Moreover, in another telegram of the Governorship of the Sanjak of Mush, attention is drawn to the fact that the insurgents have a small size gun and firearms somewhere, as it is disclosed by an Armenian. Nevertheless the exact location of these arms could not be ascertained.

Under the light of the above disclosures, a discrepancy is observed between informations furnished by governorships of the Sanjak of Mush and the Vilayet of Bitlis.

The views of your eminent personality is urgently requested concerning the true state of affairs, and correct information obtained by the Army on this issue.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306. (Armenian Question Vol. 14, Document No. 39)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept

Special Letter

28th August 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Imperial First Secretary
Subject-Presentation of military operations report to his Majesty the Sultan

Re.-Imperial orders of His Majesty dated 27th August 1894

The latest situation of all the operations undertaken after the honourable emergence of the Imperial orders of His Majesty the Sultan who is also concurrently the Caliph has been inquired from the High Command of the Fourth Army, through successively sent telegrams.

The following disclosures are made in the cabled reply received from the said High Command:

“The military force comprising three-and-a-half battalions has entirely been dispatched to Talori. After the granting of full authorization by the Imperial orders of His Majesty, two hundred able soldiers, and the four mountain guns from the infantry battalions of Erzurum, had been expedited, in the morning of 26th August, to support the said force. Likewise, in reserve for the said force, the numbers of the eighth Marksmen’s Battalion of the headquarters and the second battalion of the twenty-sixth regiment of Harput, due to the urgency of the case, have been increased to five hundred each, by the soldiers of the battalions of the Harput centre.

Thanks to the existence of His Imperial Majesty the Sultan who is also concurrently the Caliph, after fully equipping them, the day before yesterday the Marksmen’s battalion and today the second battalion, have been dispatched to Mush. God permitting, they are expected to reach there within seven days.

Through His Majesty’s Imperial Orders, half a Hamidiye cavalry regiment, in charge of securing peace and order in Mush and its vicinity, is expected to reach there within a couple of days.

According to the information received from the commandership of the unit dispatched to Talori, the units reached the outskirts of the mountain which the insurgents used as a hide-out. However, since the insurgents escaped to Talori upon learning that the military forces set out from Mush, the units are in pursuit of them.

We think that there ought to be a reason as to why the insurgents left Mount Anduk the pertinent commandership has been notified in a reply note that the matter is to be taken up seriously and carefully investigated.”

A copy of the above-mentioned telegram is enclosed to be submitted for the Imperial consideration of His Majesty.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 14, Document No. 40)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Coded Telegram
29th August 1894
From-Fourth Army Command
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Military operations report

Re.-Your telegram of 28th August 1894

I should like to express my thanks for the praise Your High Office accorded me.
The information, furnished by the governorships of the Vilayet of Bitlis and Sanjaks of Mush and Gench which Your High Office already had access to, concerning the number and condition of the Armenian insurgents around the Talori region and its vicinity, is bound to be inconsistent since their locality is far from the zone of insurgency and separatism and their source constitutes simply hearsay and rumours. At this stage, it can be said that this inconsistency has no direct bearing on the real core of the matter.

Today the truth of the matter is determined by the continuous information cabled to us, based on eye witness accounts of our military units in charge of out powering the insurgents who use Mount Anduk as a shelter and a source of sedition.

Our units have not yet met any separatist group as disclosed by the governorships of the Vilayet of Bitlis and the Sanjak of Mush, having a gun and a defence line and particularly a capacity to enter into a bloody clash with the Hayan tribe, lasting about nine hours. It was only on the twenty sixth day of this month, some twenty or thirty insurgents were seen running away in the direction of the creek called Achini, flowing towards Talori and situated at the southerly direction of Mount Anduk and in the periphery of the Gülgüzan village. The reconnaissance columns opened fire and two separatists were captured dead with their old style muskets. The reconnaissance columns opened hot pursuit.

The military units would set out for Talori after completing their missions of pursuit and investigation at Mount Anduk It is expected that they would reach Talori tomorrow and the day after tomorrow and God permitting they would achieve a decisive solution.

In all the military operations undertaken no case has been encountered as serious as it has been exaggerated. Moreover, the organized military forces continue their operations of out powering and suppressing the seditionaries with God’s help, wherever they encounter them.

All the possible contingencies would continuously be made accessible to you.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question Vol. 15, Document No. 1)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Special Statement

28th August 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Secretary
Subject-Preparation of a map of the Talori region

Re.-Your special statement of 28th August 1894

We have received His Majesty’s Imperial orders concerning the immediate forwarding of the map which was drawn after the exchanges with the Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army, and indicating the exact location of the area around which the Armenian insurgents of the Talori region gathered.

The map of the Talori region, prepared in compliance with His Majesty’s Imperial orders, and through exchanges with the Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army, ‘was going to be presented tomorrow; but in accordance: with His Imperial Majesty’s orders, it is enclosed here with this letter. Furthermore, the said High Command informed us that a detailed sketch of the aforementioned area is to be forwarded soon. Upon its receipt, it is to be immediately submitted for the Imperial consideration.


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question Vol. 15, Document No. 2)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Telegram

29th August 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Verbal orders by his Majesty the Sultan

In compliance with His Majesty’s Imperial Orders, honourably conveyed to me by word of mouth, it is highly desirable that the Talori incidents be terminated effectively within a couple of days through God’s help.

It is our sole expectation that your High Command would be able to decisively put an end to this issue through its interminable efforts, expertise and skill.

Furthermore it is also our desire that you would spare no efforts possible to have information on the following points, rendered accessible to His Imperial Majesty’s consideration:

a) Correct assessment on the movements and exact location of the insurgents
b) counter operations by. the military units.
c) the state of the already dispatched reinforcements and auxiliaries and their exact location
d) efforts to increase the number of soldiers in other battalions.

Even on the days without any incidents, the very state of affairs ought to be conveyed to us by four o’clock so that His Majesty is accordingly advised.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 3)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Special Statement

30th August 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Imperial First Secretary
Subject-Correction of conflicting reports concerning Armenian insurgent activities

Re.-Our special statement of 28th August 1894

Due to the discrepancy between the information made accessible to His Imperial Majesty the Sultan by the governorship of the Sanjak of Mush about the Armenian insurgents and telegram received by the Sublime Porte from the governorship of the Vilayet of Bitlis, the current situation was ascertained through consulting the Fourth Army Command. The furnished information had already been submitted to His Imperial Majesty’s supreme Office through our special statement (re.-above).

According to the telegram now received from the Fourth Army Command it is expressly stated that due to the experience undergone by the military units dispatched through His Majesty’s Imperial orders for the pacification of the said insurgents and due to the military operations undertaken so far, the problem was not as severe as it was first surmised to be.

A copy of the aforementioned telegram is enclosed, to be submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration.


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 4)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Coded telegram

31st August 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Armenian insurgency situation and the Sultan’s orders concerning the taking of new measures

Re.-Your telegram of 30th August 1894

Your telegram (re.-above) concerning the Armenian insurgents who had escaped to Mount Anduk that (a part of them refuge at Sassoon, about a thousand using the creek of Gülgüzan as a hideout, and another two hundred and forty of them adopting the creek of Achini with a similar purpose) has been submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration.

The special statement of the Imperial First Secretary, which includes His Majesty’s Imperial orders is as follows:

“Although there were several Imperial orders of His Majesty concerning an effective overpowering of the insurgents, without letting any single one flee and in a manner that would set a deterrent example to others, your High Command has made it known that the insurgents managed to escape. Under these circumstances, it is evident that there is insufficient amount of zeal put into the handling of the issue of the over powering the insurgents.

As to the presence of foreigners amongst the insurgents; their alienage is no extenuating cause, and since they are found together with the armed Armenian separatists they will be accorded with the treatment the insurgents receive: that is fire will be opened on them. From this point of view the High Command is to be notified that after an extremely swift tracking a complete over powering of the said insurgents is deemed absolutely requisite. It is also deemed necessary that watch towers and sentry stations ought to be established and a military force ought to be deployed to appropriate areas of the region where insurgency is desired not to reappear and sedition and separatism are decisively terminated. It is also His Majesty’s Imperial orders that after consulting the fourth Army Command the measures to be adopted are to be made accessible to Him?

According to the disclosures made above and in compliance with the Imperial orders of His Majesty it is urgently requested that:

a) the said insurgents are completely overpowered after an extremely swift tracking,
b) sketches, plans and photographs of the spots which are deemed appropriate for establishing watch towers and sentry stations and deploying military forces are urgently sent to us to be submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 5)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept

Telegram

1st September 1894
From-Fourth Army Command
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Military operations report

In the telegram just received from the commander of the military units dispatched to Talori, the following disclosures were made:

1) Reconnaissance columns are dispatched to the Gülgüzan and Achini regions and to the undiscovered parts of Mount Anduk which are the sole areas the insurgents take shelter in. Furthermore, in order to determine the withdrawal line of the military units, a complete reconnoitering of the Mount Anduk is of supreme importance.

2) Due to the thorough searches made at Mount Anduk, it is entirely obvious that practically no insurgents exist at the said mountain since they escaped immediately after being informed of the departure of the military units from Mush.

3) A relatively small band of armed insurgents encountered by the reconaissance columns around the southerly direction of Gülgüzan and another group using the creek of Achini as a hideout have both been effectively overpowered.

4) Upon the receipt of information that a new group of insurgents gathered around the so-called locality of Sassoon, explorations are made to determine the exact nature of their position.

In reply the following points are conveyed to the aforementioned Command:
1) The reason as to why the military units were not permitted to advance originated from the needs to determine the presence or the absence of the insurgents at Mt. Anduk and to restore peace and order of the locality. Since it is absolutely clear that the area is cleansed of all the insurgents, the reserve forces, dispatched from Erzurum, Erzincan and Harput, having been drawn closer to Mush, ought to be immediately given permission to advance.

2) With a swift effectuation of the military operations in a manner that becomes the high honour of the Command, the insurgents around the regions of Gülgüzan, Sassoon and Talori ought to be effectively over powered within a couple of days, bearing the Achini case in mind where all the seditionaries were entirely subdued.
Submitted to your attention with due respect.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 6)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Special Statement

1st September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Imperial First Secretary
Subject-Submission of the military operations report

According to the disclosures made in the telegram, just received from the Fourth Army Command the following points were raised in the telegram sent to the said Command by the commander of the military units dispatched to Talori:

1. Reconnaissance columns are dispatched to the Gülgüzan and Achini regions and to the undiscovered parts of Mount Anduk which are the sole areas the insurgents take shelter in. Furthermore, in order to determine the withdrawal line of the military units, a complete reconnoitering of the Mount Anduk is of supreme importance.

2. Due to the thorough searches made at Mt. Anduk, it is entirely obvious that practically no insurgents exist at the said mountain since they escaped immediately after being informed of the departure of the military units from Mush.

3.A relatively small band of armed insurgents encountered by the reconnaissance columns around the southerly direction of GüIgüzan and another group using the creek of Achini as a hideout have both been effectively overpowered.

4. Upon the receipt of information that a new group of insurgents gathered around the so-called locality of Sassoon, explorations are made to determine the exact nature of their position.”

It is pointed out that the following reply was sent to the said commandership by the Fourth Army Command:

“The reason as to why the military units were not permitted to advance originated from the needs to determine the presence or the absence of the insurgents at Mt. Anduk and to restore peace and order of the locality. Since it is absolutely clear that the area is cleansed of all the insurgents, the reserve forces, dispatched from Erzurum, Erzincan and Harput, having been drawn closer to Mush, ought to be immediately given permission to advance.

2. With a swift effectuation of the military coperations, in a manner that becomes the high honour of the Command, the insurgents around the regions of Gülgüzan, Sassoon and Talori ought to be effectively over powered within a couple of days, bearing the Achini case in mind where all the seditionaries were entirely subdued.”

All information received from the Fourth Army Command will in due course be submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15. Document No. 7)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Telegram

1st September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-His Highness Zeki Pasha Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army
Subject-Query concerning departure to the operations area

Re.-Our telegram of 28th August 1894

Due to the Talori incidents His Majesty’s Imperial orders concerning your personal assumption of the commandership of the forces you would organize with the proviso of taking sufficient number of soldiers from the Hamidiye Cavalry regiment, and the reserve forces, and a battery of guns according to the dictates of your better judgement, have been conveyed to you by our telegram (re.-above).

Although it is believed that His Majesty’s Imperial orders would immediately be implemented since we have not received any information on your departure and since your telegrams have all been cabled from the army head quarters, the situation remains unclear. If you have not yet departed, it is expected of you to notify us of your reasons.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 8)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Special Statement

2nd September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Imperial First Secretary
Subject-Departure of the 4th Army Commander-in-Chief

Re.-Your special statement of 28th August and bearing No. 1719

In compliance with the Imperial orders of His Majesty, conveyed to us by your special statement (re.-above), the Fourth Army Command had been immediately notified that His Highness Zeki Pasha, Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army ought to set out by assuming the commandership of the organized forces with the aim of overpowering the Talori insurgents. However since no reply has been received concerning his departure, the said command yesterday was renotified.

In a telegram received from the aforementioned Command the following disclosures were made:

Through a cable by the special Imperial aide-de-camp, His Highness Dervish Pasha, in compliance with the orders of His Imperial Majesty they had been notified that it is demanded of them to find out the exact number of the insurgents to divulge the exact situation of the military forces and to communicate whether or not his personal departure was requisite.

After having met all what is demanded as a reply he cabled that he was ready to depart immediately in compliance with His Imperial Majesty’s orders. He apparently postponed his departure in exectation of His imperial Majesty’s orders concerning this issue.

Through a telegram he received last night, after being notified that he ought to depart for Mush to inspect the area, he indeed set out, to be deputised by Halit Pasha, inspector of gunners in his absence.

The situation as such is presented for your attention to be later submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 9)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Coded telegram

2nd September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Reguest for information concerning neutralized Armenian bands

Re.-Your telegram of 1st September 1894

Your telegram concerning the disclosures made by the commander of the military units (re.-above) has been given due attention. It was pointed out that a relatively small band of armed insurgents encountered by the reconaissance columns around the southerly direction of Gülgüzan and another group using the creek of Achini as a hideout had both been effectively overpowered.

You are to be thanked for the successes you scored concerning this issue.
Since the number of overpowered insurgents ought to have been determined by now, we wonder how many of them constituted the small band and the other group respectively? We also wonder whether or not all their arms have been seized? What make were these arms? It is expected of your High Office complementary information on these issue after a thorough investigation.




Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 10)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Special Statement

2nd September, 1894

From-Department of General Staff
To-Imperial First Secretary
Subject-Arrival of the Hamidiye Regiment at Mush.

In the telegram of 1st September, received from the Fourth Army Command and following message was conveyed to us:
"In compliance with His Majesty!s Imperial orders, the half cavalry regiment, constituting three hundred cavalry men of Hamidiye Cavalry Regiments and initially originating from Haydaranl? Tribe, which was to replace the cavalry regiment dispatched to Talori and secure peace and order in the locality by being stationed at Mush, has, in fact, reached the said town on 31st August, 1894."

Gracefully submitted to His Majesty's Imperial consideration.

Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 11)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept. 1909

Special Statement

2nd September 1894
From-Imperial First Secretary
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Hamidiye Cavalry Regiments

In a special note conveyed to us by the Prime Ministry and submitted to His Imperial Majesty it was pointed out that, three companies of the Hamidiye Cavalry force, organized by the Fourth Army High Command, and was to replace the military force dispatched to Talon with the aim of suppressing the Armenian insurgents gathered around there and thus securing peace and order in the locality had in fact reached Mush.

The said force, as disclosed, had been dispatched with the sole aim of securing public order. According to information received from the area, certain insurgents were completely overpowered and subsequently all of them were dispersed. It transpires that dispatching Hamidiye Cavalry forces against the insurgents is not at all necessary. Under these circumstances, it is requested that the Fourth Army Command be appropriately notified to give orders to have the aforementioned forces assume responsibility in safeguarding peace and order in the locality, just as before.

The organization of the said regiments was realized in compliance with the Military Law and they were granted permission to hoist up their own banners. Furthermore a better means for such military organizations will sooner or later be found. Therefore, it is His Majesty’s Imperial orders that objections raised against the said regiment ought to be refuted by drawing attention to the above-mentioned points.

It is the prerogative of your High Office to have the orders implemented.

Imperial First Secretary Süreyya


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question Vol. 15, Document No. 12)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Telegram

2nd September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Deployment and status of the Hamidiye Cavalry Regiments

Re.-Special statement of the Imperial First Secretary dated 1st September, 1894

In a special statement received from the Imperial First Secretary (re.-above) the following disclosures were made:

“In a special note conveyed to us by the Prime Ministry and submitted to His Imperial Majesty, it was pointed out that, three companies of the Hamidiye Cavalry force, organized by the Fourth Army High Command, and was to replace the military force dispatched to Talori with the aim of suppressing the Armenian insurgents gathered around there, and thus securing peace and order in the locality, had in fact, reached Mush.

The said force had been initially dispatched with the sole aim of securing public order. According to information received from the area, certain insurgents were completely overpowered and subsequently the remaining ones were dispersed. It transpires that dispatching Hamidiye Cavalry forces against the insurgents is not at all necessary. Under these circumstances, it is requested that Your High Command give orders to have the aforementioned forces assume responsibility in safeguarding peace and order in the locality, just as before.

The organization of the Hamidiye regiments was realized in compliance with the Military Law and they were granted permission to hoist up their own banners. Furthermore a better means for such military organizations will sooner or later be found. Therefore, it is His Majesty’s Imperial orders that objections raised against these regiments ought to be refuted by drawing attention to the above-mentioned points.”

It is requested from your High Command that all what is necessary is done in compliance with the above disclosures made by the Imperial First Secretary.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 131)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Telegram

3rd September 1894
From-Fourth Army Command
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Numbers and weapons of Armenian insurgents

Re.-Your telegram of 1st September 1894

Since in the telegram received from Ethem Pasha, General of the Division stationed at Mush, no disclosures were made concerning the constitution of the small gang of brigands and the number of the Armenians in the area, type of resistance manifesting itself on the point of complete suppression, and the make of the arms possessed by the brigands; further information was sought.

Yesterday an attempt was made in this direction. According to the reply received, detailed disclosures will be made. Gracefully submitted to your High Office’s attention.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 14)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept

Special Statement

3rd September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Imperial First Secretary
Subject-Departure of Zeki Pasha, Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army

According to the telegram received from Zeki Pasha, Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army who set out for Mush, has in fact, reached Pülümür. It was further communicated that he would depart this morning via Kigi.

Gracefully submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration.


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306. (Armenian Question Vol. 15, Document No. 15)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Special Statement

3rd September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Imperial First Secretary and the attention of the Fourth Army Command
Subject-Armenian activities in the Bitlis region

In the telegram received from the Eighth Division Deputy Commandership stationed at Bitlis, it was reported there was news to the effect that certain Armenians namely Mencikov, son of Tomo, from the village of Genzo in the administrative division of Mutki; Abdo, son of Madik who is a member of the administrative council of the village of Mis; and Nasnasi, son of Hacho, from the village of Kazak, spread unfounded rumours with the aim of perpetuating chaos and havoc by actually claiming that they had certain expectations and though last year they were fleeing in different directions, it was evident that was no need to flee any longer with the advent of autumn, and that they would themselves exact tributes from the Kurds.

Furthermore, in a note, marked confidential, received from the local district governor, it was pointed out that since a change could be observed in the general conduct and the attitute of the Armenians, the most suspected ones would be transferred to the Vilayet centre in some way or other.

Moreover, the claim of the Armenian spy who is caught and under arrest by the governorship that the other Armenians would join the armed insurgents at Talori affirm the verity of the disclosures above.

As a reply to the aforementioned commandership it was conveyed Armenians were to be transferred to Bitlis and that they ought to be always on alert and report immediately all eventualities.

In fact, it was conveyed tons that, upon the disclosures made by the governorship of Bitlis and their request that the commander of the military unit stationed there be given orders accordingly, the sixteenth Brigade Deputy Commandership was notified to issue orders to have the said unit commander take all the precautions against possible emergencies and eventualities.

Both the Fourth Army Command and the governorship of the sanjak of Mush have been appropriately advised.

Gracefully submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 16)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Coded telegram

7th September 1894
From-Fourth Army Command
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Hamidiye Cavalry Regiment no longer needed

It was already communicated to you that, in compliance with the Imperial orders of His Majesty, the half Hamidiye Cavalry Regiment, which was to be dispatched to Mush with the aim of safeguarding local peace and order, had, in fact, reached Mush, after setting out from here with extraordinary promptness upon being accordingly ordered.

The said regiment, for the past fortnight had been staying under tents and receiving the treatment of regular cavalry.

The regular forces stationed here and at Talori are both regarded sufficient in safeguarding peace and order. There fore the aforementioned Hamidiye Cavalry regiment need no longer be stationed here. Since sending them back would facilitate the situation there, it is humbly submitted to your attention that the Imperial Decree regarding this very topic ought soon to be issued.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 17)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept

Coded-telegram

8th September 1894
From-Brigadier-General Salih Pasha Deputy Commander of Eighth Division Stationed at Bitlis
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Pursuit and neutralization of insurgents in the Talori region. Capture of their leaders at Marah

In a telegram received today from the governor of Bitlis who is at the moment in Gench, it was communicated that the insurgents of Talori were entirely suppressed after hot pursuit everywhere, thanks to all mighty power of His Imperial Majesty. Furthermore two gangs which fired at the military forces from their hideout in the caves and the notorious seditionary leader, Marah and his followers were captured alive Moreover the authorities concerned were warned to take necessary measures against a certain group of insurgents that might have fled in the mean time.

It is gracefully submitted to your attention that the situation is made known to the relevant bodies.


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 18)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Special statement

8th September 1894
From-Imperial First Secretary
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Order by the Sultan

In the telegram of the Governorship of Bitlis submitted to His Imperial Majesty, which was, in fact, a supplement to the note received from the Prime Ministry, it was communicated that information was received to the effect that armed separatists around the regions of Talori and Kulp, having been divided into groups, would resort to seditious operations at such areas in the Vilayet of Bitlis where no military forces were to be found, i.e. particularly on the plain of Mush.

Concerning this very issue, His Majesty’s Imperial orders are as follows:
“It is understood that necessary measures have been taken against all the insurgent activities of the said separatists. Nevertheless it is evident, to appropriate spots military units ought to be deployed and at important points patrol stations ought to be established so that similar seditious activities do not recur in the following spring. For the actual realization of such measures to be taken the Fourth Army Command ought to be renotified.

It is your High Office’s prerogative to have the orders implemented.
Imperial First Secretary Süreyya

(This Imperial order has been conveyed to the aforementioned Command in order to have it implemented under the light of similar earlier orders.)


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50. Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 19)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Telegram

9th September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Sending back and rewarding the Hamidiye Cavalry Regiment stationed at Mush

Re.-Your telegram of 7th September 1894

Your telegram concerning sending back the half Hamidiye Cavalry regiment (re.-above) has been submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration and an Imperial Decree on this issue was sought.

In fact His Imperial Majesty’s orders have thus emerged:
“In the event of sending back the said half Hamidiye Cavalry Regiment without replacing it by a military force. Armenians would again resort to their activities of separatism and insurgency. To forestall such an eventuality, until a military force of regulars replaces it, the aforementioned half Hamidiye Cavalry Regiment ought not be sent back. It is deemed more appropriate to have the said regiment sent back to its headquarters according to the stipulations of the Military Law, only after replacing it with a military force of regulars adequate enough to safeguard peace and order there, and with the proviso that it would be remobilised in the case of an emergency.”

Furthermore it is an evidence of the half regiment’s high organization capacity that it so swiftly assembled together and departed. The fact that its members displayed an exemplary prowess and determination in the realization of their mission, pleased His Imperial Majesty immensely. The good luck wishes of His Majesty ought to be conveyed to both the officers and soldiers of the said half regiment as a sign of Imperial appreciation and trust that they would carry out their assigned mission with the same valour and firmness.

Since there is a resolution on the payment of salaries to the officers and soldiers of the Hamidiye Cavalry Regiment in case of their mobilisation, it is the Imperial orders of His Majesty who is also concurrently the Caliph that both the officers and. soldiers of this regiment are paid two months’ salary-they have been al-ready assembled and armed for more than a month-and sent back to their headquarters, and accorded a warm reception.

It is recommended that all what is requisite ought to be done in order to have the Imperial orders executed.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 20)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Special Statement

9th September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Imperial First Secretary
Subject-Capture of the anarchist Marah leader of the Armenian insurgents

In the telegram received from the Fourth Army Command, it was communicated that Marah the leader of the insurgent brigands at Talori and his ten followers had opened fire at the military forces from their hideout which is a cave in the middle of the rocky zone of the village of Harinik belonging to Talori; and that after an exchange of fire, all the brigands were captured alive; and that as conveyed by the Platoon Command the brigands were carrying fire Russian make bolted rifles, two flint guns and their cartridges, a local make hand grenade of bronze with thirty-one capsules, a sabre, a bag containing manuscripts and a printed book; and that the Command was notified to have Marah and his followers transferred immediately to Mush to stand trial there.

Gracefully conveyed to be submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 21)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Special Statement

9th September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Imperial First Secretary
Subject-Departure of the Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army Zeki Pasha

In the telegram received from His Highness Zeki Pasha, Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army it was communicated that he has departed to Talon from Mush this morning at dawn.

Gracefully conveyed to be submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 22)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept. 2201

Special Statement

10th September 1894
From-Imperial First Secretary
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Order by the Sultan

Re.-Your Special Statement of 9th September, 1894

Your special statement (re.-above) concerning Marah, the leader of the insurgent brigands at Talori, and his ten followers, as communicated by the Platoon Command, that they had opened fire at the military forces from their hide-out around the village of Harinik, and that after an exchange of fire, all the brigands had been captured alive and their be longings and anus had been confiscated; and that upon receiving this information the Fourth Army Command had notified the said Command to have all the captured insurgent brigands transferred to Mush to face interrogation there, has been submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration.

His Majesty’s Imperial views and orders concerning this very issue are as follows:
“It is evident that during the operation of capturing alive the said insurgents, the military forces had resorted to using firearms in defence, and as a result numerous casualties must have been recorded.

It is your High Office’s prerogative to have all what is requisite executed immediately.

Imperial First Secretary Süreyya
(Communicated to the appropriate body on 11th September, 1894)



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 23)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Telegram

11th September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Communication of the Sultan’s order

Re.-Your telegram of 8th September, 1894

Your telegram (re.-above) concerning the capturing alive of Marah, the leader of the insurgent brigands at Talori, and his followers and also including other information, has been submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration.

Furthermore, in a special statement of the Imperial First Secretary, the Imperial Views and orders of His Majesty were communicated tons to the effect that it was evident during the operation of capturing alive the said insurgents, the military forces had resorted to using firearms in defence, and as a result numerous casualties must have been recorded.

Herewith gracefully conveyed to your attention.


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 24)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Special Statement

12th September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Imperial First Secretary
Subject-Submission of information received from Zeki Pasha, Commander-in-Chief of the
Fourth Army

In a telegram dated 10th September 1894 received last night from Zeki Pasha, Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army it was communicated that he was about to depart to Talon after having inspected the two villages and Mount Anduk which were the spots that sparked off the uprising; and since the leaden of the insurgents was captured alive and certain documents were confiscated, after the appropriate investigations all the evaluations would be presented; and moreover the detailed results of any further investigations pertaining to the issue would also be disclosed.

Herewith enclosed to be submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration. Furthermore all future information originating from the aforementioned Command would also immediately be conveyed.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 25)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Telegram

12th September 1894
From-Fourth Army Command
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Measures being considered concerning the prevention of Armenian rebellion and anarchy

Re.-Your telegram of 9th September 1894

The degree of effectiveness and swiftness displayed in the operations pertaining to the complete suppression of Armenian insurgents was communicated to you in our telegram yesterday. Under these circumstances the possibility of further attempts at separatism and insurgency has been entirely relieved. In this context the disclosures made by the governorship of Bitlis, based on the information they received, to the effect that an uprising would occur around the plain of Mush and the region of Kulp are not true.

As it is communicated to us by the governorship of the Sanjak of Mush, the local Armenians have not adopted such a remonstrative stance and peace and order prevails on the plain of Mush. Furthermore as it is understood through the information furnished by the leader of the reconnaissance column dispatched to the area three days ago on a mission of the Platoon Command there a similar atmosphere of peace and order also prevails in the administrative division of Kulp.

As for the establishment of patrol stations it is known that the Talori basin is distinct from the chain of mountains called Kopik, stretching in a westerly direction of Mush. These mountains are always covered with snow throughout the period extending from October till April.

Naturally within this span of time the Talon is cut off from Mush. Under these circumstances, even if military forces were stationed at Talori and around its vicinity they would be stranded in the area throughout winter.

As it is known the suppressive operation undertaken presently minder the sustenance and support of His Imperial Majesty was so effectively realised and with such swiftness that it would serve as a deferent for the other potential insurgents. An uprising in this region would hardly ever occur.

Nevertheless, if as a reinforcement a battalion is added to the infantry battalion and the cavalry regiment designed for Mush, and if two more mountain guns are provided and if the Hamidiye regiments stationed around the Mush area are granted permission to join in, in case of an emergency, God willing, against all eventualities, the peace and order at both the plain of Mush and the Talori region would be maintained.

At the moment, it is only requisite that two separate barracks ought to be built in Mush one for two infantry battalions and the other for a cavalry regiment. Due to the importance of the Mush area, an allocation of money which would meet the building expenses of these barracks, was always included in the budget every year. Yet, since there is heavy snow fall in the area towards the end of September, building the aforementioned barracks during the course of this year could not be completed. God willing, let us hope that building them would be realised in the following year under the guidance and support of His Imperial Majesty.

Humbly submitted to your High Office’s attention.


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 26)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Special Statement

13th September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Imperial First Secretary
Subject-Opinions of the Office of the Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army concerning events

Re.-Your special statement bearing the date, 8th September 1894 and the number 2132.

As pointed out in your special statement (re.-bove), “in the telegram of the Governorship of Bitlis, submitted to His Imperial Majesty, which was, in fact, a supplement to the note received from the Prime Ministry, it was communicated that information was received to the effect that armed separatists around the regions of Talori and Kulp, having been divided into groups, would resort to seditious operations at such areas in the Vilayet of Bitlis where no military forces were to be found, i.e. particularly on the plain of Mush.

Subsequent to this disclosure, it was also communicated that there emerged His Majesty’s Imperial orders to the effect that, although necessary measures have been taken against all the insurgent activities of the said separatists, it was nevertheless evident, to appropriate spots military units ought to be deployed so that similar seditious activities would not recur in the following spring; and furthermore, for the actual realization of such measures to be taken the Fourth Army Command ought to be renotified.”

Upon notifying the said Command of His Majesty’s Imperial orders the following reply was received:

“The suppressive operation undertaken against the Armenians, under the sustenance and support of His Imperial Majesty was so effectively realised and with such swiftness that an uprising in this region would hardly ever occur. In this respect, the disclosures made by the governorship of Bitlis do not reflect the true state of affairs in the region. Peace and order prevail in the plain of mush and no single act of insurgency is to be found at the administrative division of Kulp.”

The copy of the telegram, received from the said Command concerning the measures which are deemed appropriate to be taken so as to halt all attempts at insurgency, is enclosed to be submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration.

In the aforementioned telegram, your views are sought on the project to be devised by the Office of the General Staff, in line with the disclosure made about increasing the forces at the region of Mush, and on providing all the prerequisite material for the buildings which are deemed necessary to be built.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 27)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept

Special Statement

13th September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Imperial First Secretary
Subject-Return of the Hamidiye Military Regiment located in Mush to their headquarters

Re.-a) Telegram of the Fourth Army Command dated 7th September 1894
b) Our telegram to the Fourth Army Command dated 9th September 1894

As it is known, through the telegram of the Fourth Army Command (re.-a) it was communicated that the half Hamidiye Cavalry Regiment which was dispatched to Mush, with the aim of safeguarding local peace and order, had swiftly reached its destination upon being accordingly ordered: and yet since it need no longer be stationed there, sending it back to headquarters would ease the tension in the area. This case had been submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration in order to have His Imperial views and orders.

Pertaining to the case, your High Office, in reply, communicated to us that:
“In the event of sending back the half Hamidiye Cavalry Regiment without replacing it by a military force, Armenians would again resort to activities of separatism and insurgency. To forestall such an eventuality, until a military force replaces it, the aforementioned half Hamidiye Cavalry Regiment ought not be sent back.

It is deemed more appropriate to have the said regiment sent back to its headquarters according to the stipulations of the Military Law, only after replacing it with a military force adequate enough to safeguard peace and order there, and with the proviso that it would be remobilised in the case of an emergency.

Furthermore it is an evidence of the said half regiment’s high organization capacity that it so swiftly assembled together and departed. The fact that its members has played an exemplary prowess and determination in the realisation of their mission, pleased His Imperial Majesty immensely. The good luck wishes of His Majesty ought to be conveyed to both the officers and soldiers of the said half regiment as a sign of Imperial appreciation and trust that they would carry out their assigned mission with the same valour and firmness.

Since there is a resolution on the payment of salaries to the officers and soldiers of the Hamidiye Cavalry regiment in case of their mobilisation, it is the Imperial orders of His Majesty that both officers and soldiers of this regiment are immediately paid two months salary-they have been already assembled and armed for more a month-and sent back to their headquarters and accorded a warm reception.”

It is one of the remarkable achievements of His Imperial Majesty, who has had numerous holy triumphs and superior successes, and who shows close concern for all kinds of different cases and gives illuminating, praiseworthy and protective orders that the officers and soldiers of the aforementioned regiment displayed an exemplary commitment to their work and spent extraordinary efforts for the realisation of their mission. In fact His Imperial orders concerning the payment of salaries, and the good luck wishes to the aforementioned regiment are actually commendations that acclaim time honour of all the Hamidiye Regiments. Furthermore these would motivate aft of them to operate joyfully and in a gratifying manner under the happy rays of His Imperial Majesty’s exquisite desires. In this context His Majesty’s Imperial orders have been communicated to the aforementioned Command(re.-b) with the wishes for the longevity of his powerful life and with the dedication of our loyalty and affection.

According to the telegram received on this occasion from the Fourth Army Command, upon being told the good tidings of His Majesty’s Imperial orders, the officers and the soldiers of the said half Hamidiye Regiment all prayed for the longevity of His Imperial Majesty’s life with sincere loyalty and esteem. As was ordered their salaries were also paid.

In the meantime, although the military units at Mush are adequate to check all threats to peace and since the Twenty-third cavalry regiment would replace the aforementioned regiment, it could well be sent back to headquarters and permission was sought in this direction, nevertheless with the provise that it would be remobilised in case of an emergency as demanded by the Imperial orders.

According to the disclosures made, although the military units at Mush are adequate to maintain peace and order against all eventualities, since it is made known that the said half Hamidiye Regiment would be replaced by the Twenty third cavalry regiment, the Fourth Army Command was notified to have the Hamidiye Regiment sent back to headguarters, as demanded by the Imperial orders, after paying them two months salaries.

Gracefully submitted to your consideration.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 28)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept

Coded telegram

15th September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Sending back the half Hamidiye Cavalry Regiment stationed at Mush

Re.-Your telegram of 11th September 1894

It was earlier communicated to your High Office in a detailed manner, the Imperial orders of His Majesty, concerning sending back the half Hamidiye Cavalry Regiment assembled in Mush, after having it replaced by a military force adequate enough to safeguard local peace and order.

As disclosed in your telegram (re.-above) since the military units in Mush are considered sufficient enough to check all Armenian attempts at insurgency and separatism and all other seditious operations, and since it is deemed appropriate to have the said Hamidiye Regiment replaced by the Twenty third Cavalry Regiment, you are hereby notified that the aforementioned Hamidiye Regiment ought to be sent back in compliance with His Majesty’s Imperial orders.




Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306. (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 29)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept

Coded telegram

16th September 1894
From-Zeki Pasha, Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army
To-Ministry of National Defence
Subject-Ongoing military operations to suppress the uprising at Talori and a report of the latest situation

After having inspected the region of Talori and its vicinity I returned to Mush. The ventures and operations of the Armenian insurgents and the detailed activities of the military forces deployed against them are as follows:

Talori and its surroundings are situated at the southwesterly direction of Mush and within a distance that would take some fourteen hours to cover. The zone between the administrative division of Sassoon belonging to the Sanjak of Mush and the administrative division of Kulp belonging to the Sanjak of Gench is a densely mountainous area. The people living here are entirely of an Armenian stock and that is the reason why they transformed the place into a centre of insurgency. In fact, due to the convenient nature of the locality a certain Armenian by the name Damadian came over here, three of four years ago, with the if intention of organising a rebellious party of insurgents. After the capture of this seditious leader another separatist. bearing the pseudonym Murat (whose real name is Hamparsun) took over and has been involved with separatist and insurgent activities for the past two years.

It is certain through his own declarations that this traitor is originally of the village of Hachin belonging to the Vilayet of Adana. He has received medical training at the Royal College of Medicine of Istanbul University for some eight years. Since he was amongst the insurgents who organised the notorious Kumkap? revolts, while the authorities were searching him everywhere in Istanbul he fled to Genova via Athens. Afterwards he came to Diyarbekir via Iskenderun, in disguise and bearing a pseudonym and them finally arrived at this area where he took to acts of insurgency with his five followers.

It is understood that Hamparsun also wrote pernicious articles in the Athens daily, Hacakian. To many naive folk he introduced himself as a European who had recently returned from Europe; and he told them that he would bring over a military force from England by a balloon after the emergence of an uprising since all the states have agreed upon protecting the Armenians; in fact through many misleading advices-for instance that they would establish an Armenian state if they carry on with their insurgent activities-he deceived naive Armenians at the villages of Shinik, Shimal, Güligüzan, Ahpi, Hotek, Sinan?n, ?eknih, Elifkard, Hozoz, Efek, Akchas?r and Talori constituting seven different districts. Armenians living in the other seventeen villages and in the seven that constitutes the township of Shadak have not yielded to the deceptive temptation and thus saved themselves of the stigmata of treason.

The rebels, towards the end of July, entirely vacated their villages and carried their personal belongings and families to safe dens and sources of water and subsequently joined the groups of insurgents coming from the plain of Mush and the administrative divisions of Kulp and. Silvan. Thus their number multiplied to over three thousand. Most of them carry flintguns and under the influence and provocations of Hamparsun (alias Murat) some armed themselves simply with daggers or axes. All of these insurgents assembled together at Mount Anduk overlooking the valley of Talori. Their primary aim is to exterminate Turks that appear on their way and subsequently attack Mush with the aim of extracting arms and equipmert from the arsenal of the reserve militia and thus broaden the scope and sphere of the uprising.

Some five or six hundred insurgents attacked the Vilikan tribe, living on the plain, two hours away from Mush and lying southerly on the Korlink, chain of mountains, and stole goods and cattle. They even killed a few tribesmen. Nevertheless they did not have sufficient courage to attack Mush for the fear of the invincible power of the military forces, then approaching the town. Consequently the Mount Anduk insurgents, by dividing themselves into groups, resorted to attacks in various directions at the Bekran and Barkan tribes which were them staying in the area, killed certain tribesmen and plundered goods and property. Not satisfied with their notorious achievement, they stuffed gunpowder into the belly of Hadji, the nephew of Ömer Agha, one of the tribe leaders of Bekran and burned him; they raped some three or four Murlim women in the village of Güligüzan and subsequently tore them virtually to pieces; furthermore they forced some Muslim men walk through the village bearing crosses, while other Muslims suffered more serious inflictions such as having their eyes plucked or ears cut. Finally they reached a climactic point in their malignancy when they blasphemeously denounced the Muslim religion and the state, and shouted altogether “Long live our king Murat”.

The military units which were so swiftly assembled together and deployed aganist them came just at the right moment and through an operation, details of which would be disclosed below, captured most most insurgents especially the leader Hamparsun and his followers, hiding themselves in a cave. In fact, through God’s help and His Imperial Majesty’s support, attempts at uprising and insurgency are eliminated in such a manner that ventures of similar nature could not even be conceived.

The captured insurgents, after having their first interrogation recorded, all transferred to Mush and fere handed over to the government officials there.

Through interrogations it is understood that priests from Mush, Diyarbekir and Van provoked the insurgent brigands; since particularly M?g?rd?ch, the priest of K?z?lkilise had influenced both Damadian and Hamparsun, he was brought and handed over to government authorities at Mush to stand trial there.

Coming to the details of the military operations: first of all the military units departed from Mush on 25th August 1894 and reached the villages of Shinik and Shimal on the skirts of Mount Anduk. When the insurgent brigands realized that they would not be able to withstand the invincible power of the military forces, they dispersed in different directions after forming groups of brigands with some two or three hundred members each and finally took refuge inside the dense woods of the mountain.

On the 14th August military units made advances towards Mount Anduk which was on their right hand side, and after inspecting every single nook and cranny they reached the village of Güligüzan. The insurgents who hide themselves here and there on the ridges lying above this village are not to be found in Mount Anduk, nevertheless it has learnt that they have gathered together around the banks of the creek called Ahpig. The insurgents, taking the route through the woods and the creek, stretched as far as the left wing of the military unit. This might have endangered its line of retreat, and in order to forestall such a possibility, a large part of the unit formed subdivisions at a spot called Oharki, two hours away from the village of Gülgüzan. Thus making advanes on the left hand side the ridges of the villages called Ahi and Yenk, where the insurgents had taken refuge, was surrounded. About six hundred insurgents opened fire at the military units from their scattered houses at the afore-mentioned villages upon being entirely encircled. As mentioned above, since the women and children in these villages have earlier been taken to the mountains and safer spots, gunfire was opened without any reservation and almost half of the insurgents were completely suppressed. The casualties suffered in this incident were a captain and four privates dead and ten privates wounded.

As a result, between 26th August and 3rd September, insurgents hiding themselves in the woods and creeks in the area surrounded by the villages of Güligüzan, Talori and the brook of Ahpig and covering a distance of some seven or eight hours, have been rendered out of action after brief skirmishes. The military forces subsequently set out for Talori on 4th September 1894.

Since the shelter spots of most insurgents had been damaged through earlier military operations, the remaining insurgents who took refuge in their own embrasured houses were in majority completely suppressed again after brief skirmishes.

During this campaign, according to the disclosures made by the Armenians who have surrendered to the military forces, claiming that they have been misled by Hamparsun and his followers were hiding themselves in a cave which is almost indescribable, situated in the middle of a steep and sharp rocky zone, lying southerly of Mehafitek, one of the districts of Talori.

In this incident, the casualties suffered by the military forces were two privates dead and six wounded.

The reasons why the military forces suffered a relatively low number of casualties despite the steep and inconvenient characteristics of the area are as follows: the military forces were able to effectuate a concentrated fire from commanding spots which were some six or seven hundred metres away, i.e. without entering into the sphere of influence or range of the intermittent fire of the insurgents realised through muskets that have a range, of some two or three hundred paces and from scattered spots. In fact this is a remarkable success on the part of the military forces.

Apart from the arms that had been lost or destroyed in the creeks flowing at steep areas, some three or four hundred rifles, swords and other weapons have been recovered from the insurgents who were captured dead or alive and were handed over to the arsenal of the reserve militia at Mush.

During the military operations no incident occurred contrary to the weshes of His Imperial Majesty. I have myself witnessed the fact that food and clothing and all kinds of help on humanitarian and Islamic principles have been provided (and still is being provided) to women, children and the needy who took refuge or joined in the military forces.

The insurgents burned the village of Gülgüzan and one or two more villages with the expectation that the military operation is protracted and the units are left without any shelter due to the advent of a heavy winter.

All the disclosures made in this report are based on the information provided by ?brahim Pasha, governor of the Sanjak of Gench, who was together with the military forces and the commandership of the patrolling platoon and on my own investigations during the inspections.

The military forces have taken temporary quarters around the village of Gülgüzan and other convenient spots.

According to the daily information funnished by the patrol troops inspecting the area from 5th September 1894 until today, no incidents of insurgency were recorded and it is communicated to us that the women, children and the elderly who have been hiding in the mountains and caves gradually returned to their villages and that they were under the protection of the military forces after having been accorded a warm welcome. Peace and order have been restored in this area which is recognised as one of the worst troublesome spots in the country where insurgent Armenians live with a notorious record of taxdoding for the past eight-teen years and several attempts at uprising, through God’s will and by the support and protection of His Imperial Majesty has been completely suppressed in such an effective manner that would set a deterrent example for the other Armenian attempts at separatism and insurgency.

Humbly submitted to your attention.
(A copy has been gracefully submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration on 18th September, 1894.)



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306. (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 30)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Coded telegram

17th September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Detailed reporting of the results of the incidents at Talori

His Imperial Majesty’s successive orders concerning the complete elimination of the insurgent activities within a matter of a couple of days and the complete suppression of the insurgent brigands around the Talori region, so that similar incidents would never occur, have already been communicated to your victorious High Command.

It is known that every effort has been spared in order to realise the aforementioned Imperial orders. Nevertheless, in the telegram received there were no detailed reports on the results obtained pertaining to the measures taken. Evidently His Majesty’s Imperial orders were on the complete suppression of the said insurgents and on the measures adopted to halt the repetition of similar activities of insurgency. Specifically since the first emergence of the incident how many insurgents were captured dead or alive? How many brigands constituted the insurgent gangs, which are claimed to be have been competely suppressed? As for the brigands captured alive, what category do they fail in compared to the ones captured dead? How many more are likely to be captured alive? In short, detailed reports on such issues and on the measures taken by your Command and on their applicability ought to be prepared and immediately forwarded to us to be submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration. It is further requested that daily information on future incidents and the measures taken by your Command and their results ought to be forwarded to us.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 31)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Coded telegram

17th September 1894
From-Fourth Army Command
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Sending back the military units stationed at Mush

Re.-Our telegram of 12th September, 1894

As pointed out in our telegram, (re.-above) peace and order in the regions of Talori and Mush have been restored thanks to His Imperial Majesty.

The relevant commanderships have been appropriately advised on ‘the military measures to be taken in the future. To the military units in the Vilayet of Bitlis a battalion and two mountain guns have been added as a reinforcement In these areas not much is left to be done militarily. As is known, the military units here, due to the delicate nature of the issue, have been transferred here from the regions of Erzurum, Erzincan and Harput from which their long absence is not at all advisable. Most soldiers, stationed around the snowy slopes of Mush and its vicinity, have fallen ill with dysentry and similar serious diseases. Under these circumstances sending back the aforementioned units seems absolutely necessary.

It is expected that the Imperial decree to be issued concerning this very problem would be immediately forwarded.


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 32)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept

Telegram

18th September 1894
From-Fourth Army Command
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Results of the Talori incidents

Re.-a) Our telegram of 16th September 1894
b) Your telegram of 17th September 1894

As elaborated in our telegram (re.a) concerning the Talori incidents, one third of the armed insurgents, usually found in groups constituting some five or six hundred brigands and firing at the military forces upon coming across them ever since the very inception of troubles till the end, has been completely suppressed.

Furthermore, a few gangs of some forty or fifty brigands each, and opening fire from embrasured houses in centrol districts of Talori, have also been completely eliminated. Thus the losses suffered by the insurgents add up to a thousand.

The leader of the insurgents and his followers captured alive in a cave are in all eleven. These have been handed over to the government authorities in Mush after their preliminary interrogation. In fact, amongst the three thousand insurgents, (this is the approximate total number) the ones who could carry guns have’ muskets, but the leader carries a rifle of the make “Bridan”. Furthermore, a port from the arms that had been lost or destroyed in the creeks, some three hundred anus, recovered from the insurgents, have been handed over to the arsenal of the reserve militia in Mush.

After a very careful inspection, since 4th September. 1894, of the Talori valley, having its four corners bounded by the tribes named Siyan an Sassoon and having an area that could be covered in fourteen hours, it is concluded that all insurgent elements have been rendered absolutely out of action. Nevertheless it should be added that no harm is done to the women, children and the unarmed elderly who have earlier went up the mountains but at the moment have returned to their villages after having experienced immense hardships.

It is quite clear that Armenian insurgency has been completely eradicated in Talori and it vicinity. From now on, the only military measure to be taken, as pointed out in an earlier telegram, is sending back to headquarters the military forces, who have been staying in tents under heavy snowfall in an area which was already covered with snow, and who have fallen ill with dysentery as certified through medical reports.

The case is humbly submitted to your authority that you have the Imperial decree to be issued concerning this problem sent to us immediately.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306. (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 33)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Coded-telegram

19th September 1894
From-Fourth Army Command stationed at Mush
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-End of all threats to peace and order and taking all the necessary measures against possible incidents.

Re-Our telegram of 18th September 1894

As pointed out in our telegram (re.-above) thanks to His Imperial Majesty, since 24th August till today no threats to peace and order have been recorded.

Furthermore, as it is understood through our investigations the tribes have no intentions of attacking non-Muslim folk or other groups. Nevertheless to forestall all eventualities, relevant bodies have been accordingly advised in compliance with His Majesty’s Imperial orders.

Humbly submitted to your attention.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 34)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept

Coded-telegram

20th September 1894
From-Ministry of National Defence
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Taking measures against the incidents at Talon and Mush.

Re.-Your telegram of 17th September 1894 Office of the General Staff

Your telegram (re.-above) concerning the restoration of peace and order at the regions of Talori and Mush in compliance with the wishes of His Imperial Majesty, and about sending back to headquarters the three battalions brought over from Erzurum, Erzincan and Harput due to the wintry season, has been submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration.

His Majesty’s Imperial orders concerning this very issue are as follows:
“It could be expected that the insurgents would again resort to seditious activities if the aforementioned battalions sent back without having been replaced by an adequate military force. Tahsin Pasha, Governor of Bitlis, in all his telegrams submitted to Imperial Office, emphasises the need to build fortresses there, and to take all kinds of military measures. Under these circumstances, in order both to halt all seditious attempts at insurgency and to save the aforementioned three battalions of a military force from the ill effects of wintry weather, a winter quarters ought to be built to accommodate them temporarily.

Subsequently it is within the responsibility of the High Commandership of the Fourth Army to determine the number and location of soldiers deployed, replacing the military units which are sent back to headquarters. It is deemed suitable that the Fourth Army Command is consulted with respect to this issue.”

It is particularly requested to have His Majesty’s Imperial orders carried out immediately.


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 35)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept. 2460

Special Statement

21th September 1894
From-Imperial First Secretary
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Detailed reporting of the crimes committed by the insurgents at the Talori region.

Re.-Your special statement dated 20th September, 1894

Your special statement on the number of arms recovered and the insurgents eliminated in the Talori region, and the decoded version of the telegram, cabled by the Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army, which was actually enclosed within the special statement, on the complete eradication, of insurgents at Talori, have been submitted to His Majesty’s imperial consideration.

For a detailed reporting of the crimes committed by the insurgents such as confiscation of the property of the Muslim folk, plundering, rape and as recently communicated to the Imperial Office, burning certain local folk after stuffing their bellies with gunpowder, the Fourth Army Command ought to be consulted and it is His Majesty’s Imperial Orders that the information received ought to be conveyed to the Imperial Office.

(For the implementation, the Fourth Army Command was notified on 21st September, 1894)



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 36)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Coded-telegram

21st September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Detailed reporting of the crimes committed by the insurgents at the Talori region.

Re.-Your telegram of 18th September, 1894

Your telegram (re.-above) on the insurgents eliminated in the Talori region, and on the number of arms recovered has been submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration.

In a special statement received from the Imperial First secretary we were notified it is His Majesty’s Imperial orders that for a detailed reporting of the crimes committed by the insurgents such as confiscation of the property of the Muslim folk, plundering, rape and, as recently communicated to the Imperial Office, burning certain local folk after stuffing their bellies with gunpowder, the Fourth Army Command ought to be consulted and the result ought to be made known to the Imperial Office.

It is requested that Your Command furnishes detailed information on this issue.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 37)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Coded-telegram

21st September 1894
From-Zeki Pasha, Commander-in-Chief of the fourth Army
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Commander-in-Chief, Zeki Pasha’s inspection tour.

As it is successively conveyed to you thanks to His Imperial Majesty, that peace and order have been restored at Mush and its vicinity. The state of affairs in these regions complies with His Imperial Majesty’s wishes.

I have departed for an inspection tour of the regions of Bulan?k, Varto and H?n?s, where a sizeable Armenian populace lives, with the aim of giving orders particularly to Hamidiye commanders and officers, stationed there, that they take measures against all eventualities.

It is humbly requested that your High Office has its orders communicated to us through the telegram office at H?n?s.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 38)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Coded telegram

25th September 1894
From-Zeki Pasha, Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army stationed at Erzurum
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Sending back to headquarters the military units stationed at the regions of Mush and Talori.

Re.-Telegram of 21st September 1894 cabled by the Office of the General Staff

As it is successively conveyed to you, thanks to the invincible power of His Imperial Majesty that peace and order have been restored at the regions of Mush and Talori through suppressing the local Armenians in such a manner that any insurgent activity would never emerge.

The military force at the Vilayet of Bitlis has been reinforced through the addition of an adequate number of soldiers. Furthermore means has been found to have a force promptly brought over, whenever deemed necessary, from the military units stationed around Mush.

As is known, it is deemed more appropriate that the three battalions of infantry from the units of Erzurum, Erzincan and Harput stationed at important regions ought to be made temporarily stay till the advent of winter at the spots named Halo, Tercan and H?n?s which have vast areas on the routes to Mush, before sending them back to headquarters to resume their training and education. In this way the aforementioned battalions would not face a difficult situation during winter and serve as a deterrent against all activities of insurgency.

It is your High Command’s prerogative to issue orders for all what is necessary to be carried out.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306 (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 39)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Coded-telegram

26th September 1894
From-Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army stationed at Erzurum
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Crimes committed by the Armenian insurgents in the region of Talori.

Re.-Our telegram of 21st September 1894

According to a joint report prepared by the unit commander Colonel Tevfik Bey and the Governor of the Sanjak of Gench, Ibrahim Pasha, after the investigations they made in the village of Güligüzan in the Talori region the Armenian separatists pitilessly killed Muslim woman folk of three or four households after raping them; certain men folk suffered the same fate after being forced to bear crosses around their necks; and according to further investigations, evidently the houses in this village have been pulled down and virtually wiped out and no visible evidence of the Muslim populace could ever be traced.

Furthermore, as it is pointed out in the same report, it has been confirmed through interviews and statements that before the military units departed from Mush, the Armenian insurgents indeed attacked the Bikran tribe and captured alive Hadji, the nephew of one of the leaders of the tribe, Ömer Agha and burned him after stuffing his belly with gunpowder.

As it is also communicated earlier, from the disclosures made during the interrogation of the Armenian separatist leader, Hamparsun, using the pseudonym Murat and bis followers, captured alive while they were hiding in a cave, it has become quite clear that the real objective of seditious insurgents is to annihilate the Turks living in the area and then establish an independent state through the support and backing of England and other foreign states.

Another documentary proof of the atrocities against the Muslim folk is a seditious letter sent to Murat by a Talorian named Ohannes. There is a paragraph in this letter that runs, “we were victorious for the past twelve days; but today we came under a siege and the swords of the soldiers who encircled us are unsheathed; our end cannot be predicted”, and the statement “we were victorious for the past twelve days” sheds light on the whole matter.

Moreover it is evident through the official information furnished by the government authorities in the area that the insurgent brigands have resorted to agitation by telling on the two companies of a military unit stationed in the villages of Shinik and Shimal facing Mount Anduk dispatched there in the preliminary stage of the uprising, “you are originally from Damascus. Go back there. These lands belong tons.” May God forbid, they debasingly blasphemed particularly against the Muslim religion and piety; practised tax evasion for the past eighteen years and did not permit any government official enter the area, if rarely a gendarmery officer or a civilian administrator managed to get there, they either drew them away or had them beaten; they insulted and harassed the Muslim folk commuting between Diyarbekir and Lice regions and the territory of Mush; they killed the those travelling alone and committed similar audacious and unlawful acts.

In conclusion; these insurgent separatists, in fine with their initial objectives have been involved with an ongoing process of an uprising and now they are manifestly in action. Nevertheless thanks to the all mighty power of His Imperial Majesty they have been completely suppressed in such a manner that they would never attempt at another uprising. Furthermore they have been accorded a lesson which would be an effective deterrent to such seditious insurgents.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306. (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 40)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Coded-telegram

30th September 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Giving back the personal belongings and the cattle of repentant Armenian villagers who have returned.

Office of the General Staff

The following disclosures were made in the Statement received from the Prime Ministry:
“The decision of the Council of Ministers has been conveyed to governorship of Bitlis that the personal belongings and the cattle ought to be handed over to the repentant Armenians who were initially amongst the insurgents living in the villages of Shinik, Shimal and Gülgüzan at the Sanjak of Mush and who had left their homes and joined in the tribes of Sassoon and Saiso but in the end came back; that the ones who have not yet returned ought to be accordingly advised and be granted a respite in order to reconsider the situation; and that they would be given permission to recover all their belongings and cattle if they decide to return within the period of respite.

In the reply received from the Governorship of Bitlis it is communicated that necessary steps were taken to realize the return of the fleers; that the cattle, initially owned by them, appropriated by the tribesmen of Bikranl? and Badkanl?, ought to be taken away and restored to the real owners and that it is deemed appropriate, since the security forces were not adequate to halt the migration, a unit from the military force stationed at the region of Kulp ought to be kept there. Furthermore it was requested that the orders ought to be immediately carried out.”

Within the context of the issues mentioned in the statement of the Prime Ministry and the implementation of the orders, the views of your Command are urgently requested.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306. (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 41)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Coded-telegram

1nd October 1894
From-Fourth Army Command
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Military units stationed at Mush.

Re.-Your coded-telegram of 19th September 1894

The half regiment assembled in Mush is of the twenty fifth Hamidiye Regiment. The said regiment is under the command of a newly appointed lieutenant-colonel from Nizamiye. Since it is anew unit, in order to render the organisation as best as possible, in the beginning, the chief of the Haydaranl? tribe and Hüseyin Pasha, the commander of the aforementioned Twenty-fifth Regiment were made to head the command jointly. Furthermore there are four captains, a secondary scribe and eight lieutenants.

Although three hundred cavalrymen were assembled, in compliance with His Majesty’s Imperial orders that the Hamidiye Regiments should be charged with the duty of completely suppressing the insurgent brigands, one hundred cavalrymen were sent back to headquarters. There are only two hundred cavalrymen in Mush.

Humbly submitted to Your attention.


Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306. (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 42)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Telegram

2nd October 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Sending back the two hundred cavalrymen stationed at Mush.

Re.-a) Our telegram of 15th September 1894
b) Your telegram of 1st October 1894

It was communicated to you through our telegram (re.-a) the Imperial orders of His Majesty that the half Hamidiye Cavalry Regiments assembled in Mush could be sent back without any reservations.

According to the disclosures the last paragraph of your telegram (re.-b) it is understood that from the said regiment there are still two hundred cavalrymen in Mush, It is requested that you let us know the reason why these cavalrymen are not yet sent back.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306. (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 43)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Coded-telegram

4th October 1894
From-Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth Army stationed at Erzur?un
To-Department of General Staff
Subject-Sending back to headquarters the battalions stationed at Mush.

Re.-Your telegram of 17th September 1894

It was communicated to you through our telegram (re.-above) that all threats to peace and order in Mush and its vicinity had come to an end; that a battalion and two mountain guns were added as reinforcements to the military force in the Vilayet of Bitlis; and because of this that three battalions of a military force, composed of the units from Erzurum, Erzincan and Harput, ought to be sent back to their initial location.

Nevertheless we have yet received your reply that has His Imperial Majesty’s orders concerning this very issue. Whereas, in a telegram, dated 3rd October 1894 and received from the Cavalry Division Command at Mush, it is pointed out that the administration of the aforementioned battalions proved to be difficult for Mush; and that the owners of the numerous riding horses on hire in the hands of the battalions, given to them with the aim of speeding up the military activities, were not paid anything through the funds of the Vilayet of Bitlis and that they displayed signs of dissatisfaction with this situation.

Due to the reasons disclosed above, before the difficulties multiply with the advent of winter, concerning the administration and the upkeep of the aforementioned battalions, we urgently await to be notified of the Imperial Decree issued on this very problem.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306. (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 44)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Coded-telegram

7th October 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Fourth Army Command
Subject-Taking measures against the insurgent incidents at the regions of Talori and Mush.

Re.-Your telegram of 25th September 1894

Your telegram (re.-above) concerning the sending back to headquarters of the three battalions, brought over earlier from the regions of Erzurum, Erzincan and Harput, after having them stationed temporarily at Ralo, Tercan and H?n?s, situated on the routes to Mush, until the advent of winter, has been submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration.

His Imperial Majesty’s orders concerning this issue are as follows: “The said three battalions ought to be sent back to headquarters in the manner disclosed; barracks which would hold two or three battalions ought to be built at a commanding and an appropriate spot. In order to have the area under control, so that the Armenians do not attempt another uprising until the construction of the barracks are completed and military units stationed therein, additional forces ought to be Sent in from the surrounding areas.”

It is requested that His Imperial Majesty’s orders to be carried out and information be furnished pertaining to the operations undertaken.



Carton 97, Section 35, Envelope 50, Document 306. (Armenian Question, Vol. 15, Document No. 45)

Department of General Staff Correspondence Dept.

Special Statement

6th October 1894
From-Department of General Staff
To-Imperial First Secretary
Subject-Return of battalions

Re.-a) His Majesty’s Imperial Orders dated 20th September 1894
b) Our special statement of 30th September 1894.

As is known, the Fourth Army Command has communicated that since peace and order have been restored in the regions of Talori and Mush in compliance with the wishes of His Imperial Majesty, the three battalions brought over earlier from Erzurum, Erzincan and Harput, are to be sent back to headquarters due to the winter season, and the case has been submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration.

His Majesty’s Imperial orders concerning this issue were as follows (re.-a):
“It might be expected that the insurgents would again resort to seditious activities if the aforementioned battalions were sent back without having been replaced by an adequate military force. Tahsin Pasha, Governor of Bitlis, in all his telegrams submitted to the Imperial Office, emphasises the need to build fortifications there and to take all kinds of military measures. Under these circumstances, in order both to halt all seditious attempts at insurgency and to save the aforementioned three battalions of a military force from the ill effects of wintry weather, winter quarters ought to be built to accommodate them temporarily. Subsequently it is within the responsibility of the High Commandership of the Fourth Army to determine the number and the location of soldiers deployed, replacing the military units which are sent back to headquarters. The Fourth Army Command is to be consulted with respect to this issue and the outcome should be submitted for Imperial consideration.”

His Majesty’s Imperial orders were conveyed to the Fourth Army Command and the following reply was received:

“As it is successively conveyed to you, thanks to the invincible power of His Imperial Majesty, peace and order have been restored at the regions of Mush and Talori by suppressing the local Armenians in such a manner that no insurgent activity would ever again emerge. The military force at the Vilayet of Bitlis has been reinforced through the addition of an adequate number of soldiers. Furthermore means have been found to have a force promptly brought in whenever deemed necessary, from the military units stationed around Mush. Furthermore, it is deemed more appropriate that the three battalions of infantry from the units of Erzurum, Erzincan and Harput, stationed at important regions ought to be made temporarily stay, until the advent of winter and under Imperial Protection, at the spots named Ralo, Tercan, and H?n?s which are situated on the routes to Mush, before sending them back to headquarters to resume their training and education. In this way, the aforementioned battalions would serve as a deterrent aganist all activities of insurgency. The situation is humbly submitted to His Majesty’s Imperial consideration.”

The case, in the manner disclosed above is submitted to the Imperial Office with a record of proceedings prepared by the Office of the General Staff (re.-b.)

Now in a statement of the Prime Ministry received from the Sublime Porte, it is queried: “what measures are to be taken since there has emerged an epidemic of dysentery in the aforementioned three battalions.” Furthermore in a telegram, dated 4th October 1894 and received from the Fourth Army Command, it is pointed out that the administration of the aforementioned battalions has proved to be difficult for Mu?; that the owners of the numerous riding horses on hire in the hands of the battalions, given to them with the aim of speeding up the military activities, were not paid anything through the funds of the Vilayet of Bitlis; that the owners displayed signs of dissatisfaction with this situation; and that due to the reasons disclosed above, before the difficulties multiply with the advent of winter, concerning the administration and the upkeep of the aforementioned battalions, they urgently await to be notified of the Imperial Decree issued on this very problem.

Within the can text of the above disclosures, we hereby submit this present statement with the aim of having an Imperial Decree issued on the sending back of the aforementioned battalions.

It is your High Office’s prerogative to issue orders.
Minister of National Defence R?za

It is His Majesty’s Imperial Decree 6th October, 1894

To the High office of the Department of General Staff
Re.-Your special statement of 6th October 1894

Your High Ministerial Office’s special statement has been submitted for His Majesty’s Imperial consideration. The Imperial Decree concerning this issue is as follows:

“The said three battalions should be sent back to headquarters; barracks which would hold two or three battalions should be built at a commanding and an appropriate spot; in order to have the area under control, so that the Armenians do not attempt at another uprising until the construction of the barracks are completed and military units statiomed therein, additional forces should be sent in from the surrounding areas.”

It is your High Office’s prerogative to have His Imperial Majesty’s orders carried out.

Imperial First Secretary Süreyya

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- OTTOMAN ARCHIVES YILDIZ COLLECTION THE ARMENIAN QUESTION I -TALORI INCIDENTS
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