Prof.Dr. Ahmet ARSLAN*
Ermeni Araştırmaları 1. Türkiye Kongresi Bildirileri-III.Cilt

 .n@ le="text-align: juğÿ’THE SILENCE OF PICTURES289@t-family: Verdana;">III.BÖLÜM



Prof. Dr. Ahmet Arslan

Although it is obscure and controversial, Armenian scholars claim that Armenians moved from Switzerland called “Piz Er”, through the Balkans to Anatolia.[1] [2] They have confronted Persians, Romans, and Byzantium back and forth favoring one another not to give a thought to consequences yielded misery and dispersion for them. Persians and Byzantium enforced restriction on their mobility and their integration to their societies. After the conquerance of Anatolia they welcome the Seljuks with great enthusiasm. During Seljuks, Akkoyunlu, and Ottoman periods they had quite peaceful life and enjoyed being part of the societies. Their first conflict, initiated by the Russians during the Persian-Russian war (1814-1828), ended in 1828 with the Turkmenchai Peace Treaty. Especially, in the 1826-27 bloody Russian-Iran war, the Russian armies along with the participation of entire the Armenian population, headed by the Patriarch Nerses Ashtarak, succeeded to control Caucasia. This was the first-rate relation of the Armenians with the Russians, a non-Muslim nation, over 800 years. Again, their cause, mingled with the Russian policy similar to Romans, Persians, and Byzantium. During this war, in 1826, Nerses made a speech to his troops stating: “...O Armenians, the hour of deliverance of the country of Ararat and of the Armenian people has come. Etchmiadzin can recover its former independence. Rise and rebel, brave Armenians! Shake off the Persian yoke, have old Ararat leap for joy, bathe your fatherland with blood, and you shall live for ever free and independent. The time has come. Forward. Now or never...“.[3] Armenian-Russian cooperation started during this war and succeeded to take advantage of them on the eastern front in 1828. This pivotal momentum gained by the Armenians will late play a major role during Ottoman and Russian wars, Balkan rebellions, and the horrifying Armenian uprising in Turkey during 1870’s, 1905, and 1914-1922. Based on Turkmenchai peace treaty, Russian Colonel Lazarev, organized mass migration of Armenians from Persia to Karabagh for a temporary settlement with the intend of relocation in Moscow. Colonel Lazarev also played an active role on the Turkish Armenians to migrate to Karabagh. As a result, 60, 000 Armenians mainly from Erzurum moved to Karabagh.[3] [4] But, there is no documentation of conflict between the Ottomans and Armenians at the communal level until 1870’s.[3] In contrast, Armenians ambitious expectation of independent state, Czarist Russia’s only desire especially after 1878 Berlin Congress was taking the advantage of the Armenians to obtain an access to Mediterranean Sea through Erzurum-?skenderun line which can be much easier than through Balkans[3] and had no intention to provide independence. The Armenians who grew up after 1830 movement and bluntly claimed freedom of Islamic yoke soon found themselves as an enslaved nation with the policy of russification.[3] [5] The policy of Russia was to act in accordance of the best interest of the Tsar and the Russian national interest and crushed the Armenians as Aknouni put it “...Acts of an inconceivable tyranny happened then threats, the whip and the bastinado were begun...“.[5] Even with these happenings, Russia succeeded to maintain influences on Etchmiadzin in Turkey. Thus, the Armenian Churches were aware that Russia did not want an independent Armenia. The Russians were also aware that the Armenian Churches knew this, and all they wanted was autonomy within the Ottoman Empire. Russia had realized that the European powers would not allow the invasion of the area that could be called Armenia. For this reason, Russia took advantage by promising autonomy to this region, which would inevitably come under her jurisdiction.[3] In the mean time, western powers closely watched the Russian policy and tried to prevent expansionist movement of her by using religious ethnicity hand in hand with the Christian missionaries. Missionaries had confidence that Moslems were usually hospitable to all foreigners; normally respected missionaries personally, had neither understanding nor respect for Christianity. In their Christian capacities, missionaries were tolerated as long as they did not offend. They used the mission hospitals and occasionally availed themselves of the advantage of foreign schools.[3] [6] Europeans, on the other hand, attempted to conquer holy land through Anatolia for centuries, unsuccessfully. These attempts were embodied into Christian Theme in the churches throughout Europe as their “Christian martyr and the sorry butcher-legend” which was associated with the Turks.[3] [6] Similar workings through their embassies, churches, and missionaries provided support for insurrection of non-Muslim elements, especially Armenians, to divide the Ottoman state between Russia, England, and France. As a result, upheaved Armenians with great confidence roared up especially in the northeastern, eastern, southwestern, and southern parts of Turkey, causing merciless brutality on the lives of Turks, and those who tried to escape from the holocaust faced and lost their lives at the hands of bandits during Armenian caused exodus. This terrible inhumane adventure of Armenians has to be analyzed very carefully and should be learnt as a lesson for humanity.

Going back to beginning of this paper, Ruppen Courian expressed his irking on “Piz Er” word by asking the question “. . .What is the meaning of this name?”.[1] He certainly knew Turkish and the association of “Piz Er” with Armenians struck one of the authors of this paper by surprise. Several Turkish tribes such as Ani’s constituted the Armenian Community after Christianization.[7] But, the claimed Piz Er tribe, if it is true, then suggests the relation with the Turks. The author came across this word years ago when reading the history of Kipchacks, Cossacs, Pechenecs, Bulgars, and Uguz meaning “nomadic Turks” not a “dirty man” as Courian might have thought. Then the authors ask the question “why can the religious conviction bring about such hatred and bloodshed?”


Swedish Parliament Per Gahrton as appointed reporter of the committee on foreign affairs, human rights, common security, and defense policy presented a South Caucasus file under the partnership and cooperation agreements. A motion for a resolution particularly articles 15 and 23 and part of the 6th paragraph under the heading of “An enlarged area of cooperation: Black Sea-Caucasus-Caspian Sea”[8] which is unjust, unfounded. In reality, it resurfaces the Armenians combined efforts and actions with the allied enemy forces to organize armed attacks aggression, murder, terror, pillage, famine on innocent unarmed people in Ottoman cities, towns, villages, and they provided the enemy with provisions, and manifested their audacity and treasons to their homeland and to their defenseless fellow Turkish countrymen (Figures 1-17). Furthermore, as Wardrop, the British representative in Tbilisi wrote to Lord Curzon on march 4, 1920: “.... without hesitation I can say that from the point of view of humanity, it seems to me inexpedient to entrust a Dashnakist Armenian Government with power over the lives and property of Mussulmans, and I believe the Armenians would be much safer under Mussulman rule than Mussulmans would be under Armenian Dashnakist rule...“.[9] [10] Within the context of this letter Curzon and his colleagues became disgusted with the atrocities committed by the Armenian committees in Eastern Turkey after the Mondros Armistice. Hence, another reason why the British withdrew their support from the Armenians. Curzon, who was much impressed by the reports of English representatives in the area, told bluntly an Armenian deputation consisting of Boghos Nubar, Aharonian, and the Archbishop of Erivan that the conduct of their compatriots was “foolish and indefensible”. He warned them that nobody would look after Armenia if they showed “... such complete instability and love of disorder...”. This Armenian deputation tried to deny the massacres. In one of the incidents on July 1919 a British officer came and ordered that cannon shots be fired on the Muslim refugees. The British representative in Erzurum, Rawlinson, on the information he received from Kars, stated that it is possible that this man was an Armenian officer wearing British uniform and that 40000 Muslims refugees had gathered in the area and he confirmed that the Armenians had committed atrocities and massacres against the Muslim.[11] One of the few examples given here angered British Government told to advocate of Armenian dreams that “... you can not expect to kick-out the habitants in somewhere of Turkey and fill with the Armenian immigrants under the umbrella of British weaponry with a heavy burden on English taxpayers to organize Armenian Nation. Even the idea is prematurely stated...”(10).

In his report Mr. Per Gahrton makes a citation referring the head of the genocide memorial and the chairman of the Armenian parliament’s legal affairs committee that Kemal Atatürk acknowledged the genocide at his speech on April 10,1921. We have gone through his unclassified and classified speeches at Grand National Assembly and no such statement has been found. The truth the matter is humble Turkish people endured disgraceful Armenian attacks with the help of allied European and Russian forces. This is the important fact must be underlined if the events that took place were fairly and unbiasedly investigated. Therefore, Armenian claims are misleading and deceitful and European Parliament adopting such allegation is historically shameful calumniation.

Genocide is an attempt over the live of defenseless people that is what Armenians did on Turkish people and self-defense is the protection of people themselves against aggressors and the self-defense right of Turkish people taken away by the allied forces and by the Armenians during the independence war. Agop M?g?rd?chian statements in his letter sent to European parliamentarians in 1915 clearly outlines the in intend of Dashnakian aud Hunchakian movements. According to Mr M?g?rd?chian, “... Armenian massacres could only be explained in terms of the oppression of Armenians by Armenians...”. He added that “an Armenian Turk fears revolution as much as he does death. But if there is anything more than he fears, that is a revolutionary Armenian, the irresponsible, heartless, bigoted Armenian who for many years carried him from one disaster to another...”. He pointed that “...the Armenian committees were active in the eastern provinces and were trying to destroy the only hope that the Turkish people had and were desperately fighting under such adverse conditions to obtain...”(10). The adverse conditions that the author stated were truly a human tragedy and created by the Armenians. Kemal Atatürk by his statement...” to take a preventive measure is obligatory to those collaborating with the external power or acting ungratefully to home where they get their sustenance or wealth and to harm or aiming to destroy national existence...” emphasized the indispensability of counteroffensive action in order to survive.[12] Furthermore, excerpt statements from the Manifesto of Hovhannes Katchaznouni, the first prime minister of the Independent Armenian Republic, conspicuously accepted the Armenians were the responsible party of mischievous in the conflict.[13] Papazian with his similar statement “... the fact remains, however, that the leaders of the Turkish Armenian section of the Dashnagtzoutune did not carry out their promise of loyalty to the Turkish cause when Turks entered the war. The Dashnagtzoutune in the caucuses had the upper hand. They were swayed in their actions by the interests of the Russian government, and disregarded, entirely, the political dangers that the war had created for the Armenians in Turkey. Prudence was thrown to the winds; even the decision of their own convention of Erzurum was forgotten, and a call was sent for Armenian volunteers to fight the Turks on the Caucasian front...”.[14] [15] Kachaznouni wrote: “....In the beginning of fall 1914, when Turkey had not yet entered the war, but was preparing to, Armenian volunteer groups began to be organized with great zeal and pomp in Trans-Caucasia. In spite of the decision taken a few weeks before at the General Committee in Erzurum, the Dashnagtzoutune actively helped the organization of the aforementioned groups, and especially arming them, against Turkey.... There is no point in asking today whether our volunteers should have been in the foreground. Historical events have a logic of their own. In the fall of 1914 Armenian volunteer groups were formed and fought against the Turks. The opposite could not have happened, because for approximately twenty years the Armenian community was fed a certain and inevitable psychology. This state of mind had to manifest itself, and it happened...”(13). Katchaznouni continued: “... something cannot be refuted, that is, we did not make any effort to avoid the war. There was a simple and inexcusable reason for this. We had no idea of the strength of the Turks, and we were too sure of our own strength. This was the main error. We were not afraid of the war, because we were sure that we would win. Just as we had no idea of the strength of the Turks with the insensitivity peculiar to ignorant and inexperienced people, no preventive measures had been taken at the border. On the contrary, we invaded Oltu, as if we were engaging in a duel. It was as if we wanted war. When confrontations at the border began, the Turks offered peace negotiations. We refused in a haughty manner. This proved to be great error. The reason was not only that we were sure of our victory, but the fact that it was impossible for us to be reconciled. It might not have been realized, but it was not impossible. In spite of everything we did have an opportunity to agree with the Turks... We did nothing to avoid war, on the contrary we gave reason for the war. The fact that we had been unable to estimate Turkish strength and that we did not have a clear idea of our own strength were inexcusable errors. Our army, which was well clad, well fed and well armed, did not fight, it retreated constantly, it left its fortifications, it abandoned its arms, and scattered to villages... the advancing Turks fought only against the regular soldiers; they did not carry the battle to the a civilian region... the Turkish soldiers were well-disciplined and that there had not been any massacres...” (14,15). These statements of Kachaznouni also confirm the memoirs of Kaz?m Karabekir Pasha who was the commander in chief of Turkish Army of Eastern Division at that time.[16]

The Armenians traditionally use every opportunity for their own sake and disregard the rights of their neighbors. Armenians condemn Georgians that they collaborated with Germans and left the Armenians alone. However, during early 20th century neither Armenia nor Georgia was a state. On the other hand, during the reign of Hitler they applauded and volunteered for Germany in order to seek benefit from him.[17] Until 1920’s, almost all Ottoman ministers and their officers were all Armenians, such as Minister of Finance, Foreign Relations, Transportation, Postal-Telgraph-Telephone Service, Urbanization and Development, Treasure, Agriculture, Forestry, Economy, Trade, Justice, and many senators and the members of house of representatives were also Armenians and they hold these positions by either Sultan’s appointment or public votes, i.e., so much privileges were given to them during Ottoman’s time. Boyac?yan (Murad) and Past?rmaciyan member of the house of representatives (7), were among the Armenian leaders who were responsible of slaughtering the millions of innocent Turkish civilians (Figures 1-17). They never spelled out genocide committed by the Turks but they were the master minds of the genocide committed by the Armenians. By the fear of loosing the ground due to advancement of Kemalist Government they begged the Vatican’s help to relieve the oppression on Christians but ironically not Armenians. In his reply telegram letter on March 12, 1921, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk stated: (a) “It is an obligatory duty on us to treat our citizens absolutely equally regardless of their religion and race due to our traditional national human understanding and our sublime religious thought”, (b) “Armenians and Greeks as long as they abide governmental regulations and national interests their happiness, well-being, and prosperity are guaranteed completely all along traditionally”, and (c) Although, the allied enemy forces, after occupation of our country, took away relentlessly all the self-defense rights of our citizens, they continuously treated inhumanely, destroyed, pillaged, murdered, and made them homeless and refugee in their homeland while the non-muslims are living with the highest safety and assurance under the law and security of our Grand National Assembly Government”.[18]

The Armenians applauded allied forces saying ... long live France... long live England... long live Russia, and... long live Greece and joined the allied forces (15) and became unbelievably tyranned treason. On November 29 1921, the communication between French Counsel and Armenian catholicons was as follow: “. .. The government (Kemalist), which will be formed, will be a just one, and will protect the rights of minorities. For this reason, we must save the emigrants from misery and from endangering their properties. Because of this, those who have left must return. Your desire to leave this area will destroy the Armenian community’s trust in the Turkish-French Government. At the same time your action will be considered disloyal to the French Government. The counsel continued, ... the French sacrificed 5000 of their children on this land for you. The catholicos replied, “We remember in gratitude what French did for us. But since the armistice, 30000 Armenians have died for the French. Thus, I concluded the subject said council. The Catholicous left Adana on 25 November to go to ?skenderun(15). When the above statements are examined carefully, the fact that the Armenians fled in spite of all the promises was due to their fear of the innumerable murders committed by the revolutionaries called Ganavours (Canavur, Kamavur= Bayonetters) (Figures 6, 7). As a matter of fact, the minorities like the Jewish minorities, as they did not take part in such occurrences, did not fear to remain in Turkey. In the meantime, General Gauraud had sent a message to the Armenians through General Dufieux, and had advised them that they should stay in Adana, and that they should trust Turkish justice (15). In another occasion during Lausanne meeting, on 12 December 1922, M Venizelos spoke on the Greek minority, he also mentioned the Armenians. ?smet Pasha replied to Venizalos, making the following remarks. “. . . Without any doubt, M. Venizalos pretends not to see that the occupation of Asia Minor has been a source of new miseries for the Armenians. This poor community was forced to enlist and to join the ranks of the Greek army... The Armenians were sent to the front and were forced to shoot at the Turks. After the defeat many pillages committed by retreated soldiers. Moreover, Greek authorities engaged in propaganda to attribute these offences to the Armenians. Later, when the Greeks left Asia, they dragged the Armenians along. It is necessary to accept that the last government in the world which can have the audacity to pity the Armenians in front of everybody is the Greek Government which has directly created these misfortunes for the Armenians...”(15). In fact ?smet Pasha’s statements were rather mild expression of the magnitude of the massacre and looting in the western front of Turkey. The Armenian delegation including Noradukian (former foreign minister of Ottoman state), Aharonian, Hadissian, and Pashalian spoke on 26 December 1922 in the subcommittee. In his speech, Noradukian suggested that “.... It should be permitted to enlist Soldiers in the Armenian land, that every Armenian should be allowed not to do his military service, and that the Patriarchate should be independent. He stated, His Excellency ?smet Pasha does not see the necessity for us to form an Armenian land, he thinks it is sufficient for peace to allow the return of our refugees who are in foreign countries...” The following statement made by Aharonian: “... They tell us that the Armenian movement of Liberation occurred because of influences which came from Great Britain and Tsarist Russia. I will affirm here that the government of Tsarist Russia and the Sultan were of the same opinion, to destroy all movements which aimed at abolishing the absolutist regime. All the Caucasian bands who were formed so that they could rush to the help of their brothers in Turkish Armenia were destroyed along the border by the Russian Army, because the Tsarist Government did not want to create a Bulgaria in the southern part of its borders...”(15). From the above statements after the defeat, Armenians claimed that they were innocent and duped by the allied states and they have the moral obligation in regard of the Armenians because allied forces used them as a political tool to have them treason and attack Turkish people at the war zones and behind the war zones. It is the fact that Armenian started their movement in early 1823’s and played active role in Bulgarian upheaval. No nation in the world has ever experienced brutality that Turkish people have gone through by the Armenian treachery. Recent massacre by the Armenian made more than one million Azeris refugee in their country. How can westerners still call the murderers innocent? And why can they not address the genocide correctly?

Starting from 1880’s especially during the first world war Armenian militias (Ganavors) trained by the allied military forces of Russia, France, England, and Italy, especially Dashnakians and Huncakians unleashed terrorism, assassinations, rebellions, and indescribable massacres on their fellow countrymen Turkish people who provided liberty, equality, and safe haven citizenship for centuries. They betrayed their countrymen at the war zones and behind the war zones slaughtering millions of innocent Turkish civilians to the point of annihilation, constituting more than 90% of the population in eastern, southeastern, and southern region of Turkey (Figures 1-17). Armenian uprising exhibited the worst human tragedy and disaster in history. We hope, no nation experience such despicable treachery now and in the future. Humanities as a whole should learn this tragic events occurred in Turkey truthfully and must take all the bipartisan measures for the future generations not the fabrications of conniving and scheming Armenians.

Armenians that committed very inhumane atrocity still claim so-called Armenian Genocide based on their fabrications without justification and verification and wholeheartedly trying to pump futile enmity again without justifiable reasoning. To delineate the matter we used their material and compared with the original documents. Sivaslian[22] narration about Gaziantep (Ayntap) Armenians is totally a make up story. Antep was occupied first by the English Army on Dec 17, 1918 disloyally against Mondros Armistice, established city order and military governing body and withdrew on Nov 29, 1919. The French Army entered the city on Nov 30, 1919 and declared French autonomy and started organizing Armenians. Armenians bandits called themselves as kamavurs (meaning who stab with bayonet, and with this organization they aimed to set a fear and horror on Turkish society for forced exodus) started to terrorize the residents, threatening to kill and cussing. Turkish army commander ordered several times the French army to leave, but this wasn’t taken seriously by the French. The first confrontation between Turkish national liberation fighters and the French army took place on Jan 20, 1919. The French army was defeated badly. On Jan 21, 1920 the French soldiers attacked to a Turkish woman and killed his son (9 to 10 years old), this caused great turmoil in the city. On March 28, 1920 French army killed captain ?ahinbey in the confrontation triggered the Turks to fight for independence heroically. Under the leadership of Adoor Levonian a former translator during English occupation, the kamavurs got out of hand since the French occupation. The Armenians were so confident to wipe out the Turks who constitute more than 90% of population and chanting ;.. .Adoor pasha, wake up, Drop your bombs, quick, The Turks are attacking, charge with your kamavurs. ..(22). 1500 Armenians joined to French army. On April 4, 1920 Kemalist K?l?ç Ali Bey went to Armenian quarter told to their leaders: “citizens we don’t have quarrel with you. Our enemy is the French army. Don’t be deceived, don’t believe them. We are living together more than 600 years. We will live together in the future as well. You be sure that...” Armenians replied “Either Armenia or Gravemenia” and killed 3 Turks. From then on Turks had to fight both Armenian revolutionists and French army. French army due to heavy lost and the Ankara Armistice left Gaziantep on Dec 25, 1921. Even though the French commander and former governor advised to Armenians to trust the Turkish justice, they left to Aleppo voluntarily; How did Ms Sivaslian create the nonexisting 10000 refugees from Ayntap? and 8000 from Sebastia to give an impression that 18,000 Armenians were killed in Ayntap? This is totally false utterance of Armenians to exploit emotional feelings of unfamiliar people with the massacre done by the Armenians. Furthermore, we have traced the Levonian family, what happened them. The so-called Adoor Pasha, when he realized that French-Armenian allied forces loosing the ground the kamavur terrorists were dissolved he himself fled to Egypt. The other Levonians lived in prosperity in Gaziantep without fear of their lives. For example Prof. Lütfi Levonian, he traveled freely back and forth to England and USA during his lifetime, and returned back to Gaziantep, taught courses in American College for number of years until early 1950’s then migrated to Los Angeles and retired there in 1957. Similarly Prof Sarkis Levonian and his son did his clergymen studies in Gaziantep even after 1922s. We can add up the existence of many other Levonians that took part of social life in Gaziantep after 1922 Armenian-French enemy forces defeat. They never feared nor worried maintaining Levonian family name because of the Adoor. Armenians civilians largely supported both French-Armenian Army invasion and the kamavur bandits were not either charged or treated as War criminals. The most interesting point is that Gaziantep Armenians were Gregorian similar to many others but they were the only Turkish speaking that is they were the converts moved to Gaziantep in 1750’s. 18,000 those who relocated to Syria in 1915 18,000 of them migrated to and settled in Gaziantep in 1918. During allied forces invasion newly migrated Armenians forced away by the native Armenians and they had to leave to Marash, Adana, and Aleppo back. Prof Sivaslian explains the motive behind this aggression to the Armenians by the Armenians? Because, it was simply because of not to loose their wealth and prosperous life.[27] Prewar in 1901 the Gaziantep population was 88,000 of which 66,000 were Turks, 16,000 Armenians, 1340 Jews, and the remaining was Gypsies. The 1922 allied forces defeat resulted 6714 martyrs, 7000 women, children and maimed and mutilated men, and of these people 3850 healthy (27) men. What happened to 50,000 Turks? The fate of these people and the magnitude of devastation should be asked to kamavurs and the French who, at that time, proud of their outstanding canons. It was therefore the Antepy people deserved and granted for the title “Gazi”.

Let’s examine another false allegation of Prof Sivaslian (22); “... During the violent battle which lasted for twenty-two days, the eleven thousand Armenians of the town of Marash were slaughtered and burned to ashes: Marash is called Marash, alas!. Marash, how do they call you Marash? When they burn a church in Marash, And they burn Armenians in the church... One of the eye-witnesses of these tragic events Yevguine Mayikian (born in 1898), has narrated us how the thick grease of the burnt Armenians flowed down the threshold of the Forty Martyrs’ Church built on hilltop. Subsequently, the living eight thousand residents of Marash, together with six thousand Armenians from Urfa were forcibly deported to Aleppo, Damascus, Beyrouth, Jerusalem, Baghdad and to the regions of Anatolia found under Greek domination...(22) from the text (22) implies that in the city of Marash there were 25,000 Armenians and 14,000 of them deported. Within the Aleppo district (Sanjak) of Marash excluding official ottoman census taking only Cuinets’ account.[28] 192,255 total among them were 152,645 Moslem (79,2%) and 38,433 Armenians (19,6%). In the sub provinces of Marash only Zeytun had the largest percentage Armenians of 16,246 Christians (19) which was the center of bloody Armenian revolt in 1895. Under the leadership of blood thirst terrorist named by the Armenians as Baron Aghasi, after long preparation since 1850s, initiated the first encounter on August 7, 1895 (13,19) intensified on October 24,1895, and ended on January 28, 1896. Including Russian Consulate, English, French, Italian consuls along with some Armenian religious leaders met in Zeitun on January 31, 1895 and peace negotiation with the ottoman authorities continued until February 12, 1895. After the six powers proposed agreement was finalized the vicked murderers terrorists leaders were departed from Mersin to Marseilles (13,19,29). The uprising lasted for three months not 22 days, and not happened in Marash as stated by Sivaslian but Zeitun. Aghasi’s diary in his book clearly proves who massacred whom (13,19,29). Aghasi quoted “... then we saw Vartabed Sahag, a 90-year old lame man; he seemed happy and was crying out to Thank God: “Praise the Lord! I was a afraid of dying before smelling for the last time gunpowder; the perfume of incense was beginning to disgust me, and sometimes I would put gunpowder in the incenter. . .The women, armed with axes, guns, daggers, and sticks, chased the Turkish prisoners (these were their Turkish civilian neighbors) who were escaping ,and killing most of them, only 56 of them were able to escape (this note irrefutably acknowledges that 10-11 thousand Muslims except 56 were killed in Zeitun. . .“(13). Hunchak terrorists were also killed to total annihilation the Turkish inhabitants of And?r?n sub provinces (19,29). This is about 20,000 Turkish civilians. According to Aghasi’s 13,000 ottoman soldiers and 7000 civilians were killed. Armenians lost 125 men, 60 of whom had died in battle and 65 of whom were dastardly killed during the cease-fire(13,29) At the end of Zeitun insurrection 33,000 Muslims have been killed. Including villages this amount exceeds 40,000 as the local people states. When the rebels no longer had the power to resist, the fact that Britain, followed by the other powers, saved the rebels without even granting the right of Ottoman Government to try the guilty ones, as if she were ending the war, is very peculiar. The actual cases of death occurred among Armenians of Zeitun after this due to epidemics of typhus, dysentery, and variola. Naturally, the Muslim villages were not preserved from these epidemics. The Armenians villages which had been demolished during the rebellion were rebuilt with the help of American missionaries. Nobody was interested in Muslim villages (13,29). Armenians rebelled again in 1909 and 1915. lf a genocide occurred as claimed how Armenian can revolt again? As a result of Turkish Genocide, many of them immigrated Europe, the United States, and Aleppo even missioners, English Embassy, foreign consuls, promised protection did not satisfy them. Among the 5000 rebellion bandits some escaped to Hatchin where they will restart terrible bloodshed again, and those fled to Gaziantep, Kilis, and Aleppo did the same thing on their way.29 As for the Marash Sanjak city center, the city population was 23,000 (1840), 52,000 (1890), 25,000 (1912), 26,000 (1927)[30] and there were only 3000-4000 Armenians (Ahmet Eyicigil, Cezmi Yurtsever, and Ya?ar Akb?y?k personal communication). However, this small minority did a terrible massacres[31] and all of them court cased and the rebellions were convicted for their crimes. And these court cases were closely watched by the western examiners. As for the forty Martyr’s hilltop church an eye-witness claimed thick grease of the burnt Armenians flowed down.... has never happened. In fact, the name of the church was Kendirli Forty Martyrs (the name is a religious concept including Islam and has nothing to do with the Armenians) Church. It was on the hilltop and it was very eye-catching church, understood to be quite-expensively built church. The church was looted and burnt by the leaving Armenians on the assumption that Turks will loot it. Again showing their envious hatred compared to Turkish tolerance, even when they were leaving. They have burnt, dynamited, and gunshot many mosques with people in it but Turks always respected religious places.

The third example taken from Sivasian’s book stated “...In the meantime, the commander-in-chief of the occupation of Cilicia, Gozan Oghlu Doghan Bey, besieged with his innumerable soldiers the town of Hadjin, the town had initially an Armenian population of 30-35 thousand, of which only 6000 had been rescued from the Genocide...(22). While all the demographic references available to them how such claim can be made scholarly is incomprehensible. Hadchin dstrict belongs to city of Adana. The population of Turks and Armenians was 13,029 (6141 female and 6885 male) and 10,199 (4907 female and 5292 male) and Katolicos Armenians 145 (73 female and 72 male) in 1893, respectively.[32] In 1914 the population was Muslims 16,972, Gregorian Armenian 11,042, Greek Catholicons 3, Armenian Catholicons 1103, Armenian Protestants 1405.33 Total population of Hatchin in 1914 was 30,525 (16,972 Muslims and 13,553 Christians). How Armenians (22) can come out with 30-35 thousand Armenians? Kozano?lu Do?an Bey, Tufan Bey, Saim Bey, Selahattin Adil Bey, and Ahmet Cevat and prominent people of Göksun and Develi were the organizer of the resistance for the terrible Hatchin revolutionist army. Kozano?lu formed, trained, and made-up of the army consisting 200 infantry and 400 muelman cavalry while the Armenians had 4000 infantry and 1000 horseman cavalry. Do?an Bey’s army had to fight brutal Armenians on one hand and had to train villagers to defend themselves against unleashed Armenians on the other. The Armenians’ women were also well-armed and trained. Do?an Bey had four machine guns and later Kemalist Government sent him two small canons with 81 shells.[34] The Cebeciyan’s massacrist Army overwhelmingly outnumbered in armament The work of H. Shishmanian, M. Beshiktashian, N. Sivajian, S.Tagvorian, and Dr H. Katibian since 1860s for Adana, Mara?, Gaziantep, Antakya, and Urfa regions were known very well.35 Along with several others Hamparsun Boyac?yan (the member of house of parliament) were the leading figures of Hunchak Terrorist Organization. They were preparing themselves to execute their plan for a long time and they tested in several occasions until 1920’s. During these years they have committed many terrible incidents. Slaughtering the civilians, soldiers even dictating the Kaymakams made the Armenians very confident for revolt. French Occupation starting from December 2, 1918 expanded to cover entire Southern region by March 27, 1919. The established their own governing body largely composed of Armenians and Oriental Legioners. This accelerated Armenian Barbarism. Do?an Bey offered peace and termination of the barbarism several times. Armenians refused the peace and threatened the Turkish villagers they will cleanse the area from the Turks. Do?an Bey and his members couple of attempts and warning for reconciliation did not improve the condition at all. Turks were being slaughtered crazily. Turks started their moves on March 2, 1920.[20] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] By April 2, 1920 Felce and Kiske were freed from the Armenian cleansing. Gökdereliyan Terrorist Bandits were destroyed totally this shoked Armenians they were not expecting. Turks asked to surrender and made intermittent attacks on Hatchin.20 44 45 46 47 48 Turks entered the Hatchin on October 16, 1920. Except couple of in famine and abdominally bayoneted Turks all of them slaughtered non leifi alive. 700-800 prisoners were captured and sent to Kayseri (under the protection of Osman Tufan) the rest fled along with Cebeciyan and Aram Çavu? and joined to French forces (20). Osman Tufan Bey’s diary, government local and central archives did not contain the Sivaslian’s allegation.

Armenians bluntly and brutally called the wars. It costs thousands of lives, Turks were being the victim. Indescribable massacres; nailing the heavy horseshoes on the feet of victims and throwing them into the lake or river, while in the pain gulping water and drowning them to death and watching such death (31) we don’t have wording for that. Flaying skins, cutting nose, ear, pocking out eyes, bayonet cutting throat, abdomen protruding infants (Figures 1-17).

Il?ca, Alaca, Karab?y?k, Erzurum massacres show their insensitivity and disgracefulness to human values.[49] An Armenian confessed to Alaca Military Officer that Armenian revolutionists broke in a house, nailed down the woman on the wall, While she is screaming, splitted her chest, cut her heart and hung on her head.[50]

Similar exaggeration has perpetrated elsewhere such as for Urfa, Mara?, Van, Bitlis, Mu?, Erzurum, Sivas, Kayseri, Adapazar?, Edirne. For example; Armenians claimed that 3000 in Karahisar and 2000 Gregorian casualties in Urfa Birecik. Cuinet reported the following population: Karahisar: 7300 Musselman, 1700 Armenian Gregorian,1050 Armenian Caths & Prots, 1650 Greeks totaling 11,700 while in Birecik: 8702 Musselmans, 978 Gregorian Armenians, 437 Caths Armenians, 45 Jews totaling 10,162. In point of fact at Birecik only 5 lives were lost (26). The so-called Armenian genocide is mainly stemming from Armenian Revolutionists and their supporting organizations and Armenian Churches’ provocative pamphlets and leaflets in order to draw attention and support in the minds of Armenian residents and Christian Western Powers. As Captain Norman put in his word “...The time has at last arrived when a true account of the Turco-Armenian conflict may be published. Hitherto we have had only the Armenian version of the disturbances embellished with the hysterical utterances of their English confreres. We had stories ad nauseam of massacres, of pillaging, of the ravishing of women but none of these stories have been collaborated by a single European eye-witness, nor has England yet learnt that the disturbances in Asia Minor are the direct outcome of a widespread anarchist movement of which she has been the unconscious supporter...” (26). The Armenian revolutionists horrified not only the Turkish civilians but also the Armenians that they did not agree with them. Many Armenians were killed just because either they warned them as they are dragging the innocent Armenians into a dangerous adventure or remained on the site of Ottomans. Because of the above reasoning it is important to know the aim and ideology of the Dashnakzoutin and H?nchakian terrorist organizations which they call themselves revolutionists. In CF Dixon-Johnson description the so-called Armenian genocide: “. . .We have no hesitation in repeating that these stories of wholesale massacre have been circulated with the distinct object of influencing, detrimentally to Turkey, the future policy of the British Government when the time of settlement shall arrive. No apology, therefore, is needed for honestly endeavoring to show how a nation with whom we were closely allied for many years and which possesses the same faith as millions of our fellow-subjects, has been condemned for perpetrating horrible excesses against humanity on “evidence” which, when not absolutely false, is grossly and shamefully exaggerated...” (3).

Armenians masterminded all the massacres and executed the Turks accordingly, and still claims Genocide in a time that the truth speaks for itself instead of accusation. As an Armenian quoted “...Armenians did all the misery for the Armenians...” (10). We hope no nation experience such diseaster. Instead of analyzing how the situation was broke out, the mistake should be acknowledged truthfully to correct the matter, and to build up the friendship. Because we will exist now and in the future. Therefore there is no space for enmity. For example what Dr S Harutyunian will gain by stating in the preface of the book. (22). “... In this respect, these specimens of oral tradition represent the historic reality in a deeper, more effectual and more impressive manner than the mere dull statistical facts and data of the official archival documents...” This paper has presented the very same events sided by the Sivaslian using the documents in order to lay down the truth without an expectation of exploitation of human feelings. It seems these kind of people have never changed their begotten headless mind. Hocal? and Karaba? Massacres showed who have the motive for genocide clearly.

As Mustafa Kemal’s resolute motto “... peace in homeland, peace in the world ...“ Turkish Nation always respected the equality of her citizens, freedom, independence, social liberties of all without the discrimination against religion, language, sex, or race, sharing the common responsibilities, showing extreme tolerance and contempt as long as the law of democracy and the law of republic are obeyed. These are the historical tradition of Turkish nation are very proud of.

It is our sincerely hope that this tragedy should be the lesson to be learned by the nations and the Armenians do not repeat their mistakes of the past and realize the importance of endeavoring to work honestly and sincerely towards everlasting peace, friendship, mutual trust, and goodwill.

Figure 1. A mass killing of villagers from Erzincan who brought into a house, mostly children and women and a few elder men. On the left side mutulation of an elder man was apparent. Ears, nose cut and his chin was bayonetted. In the front row is body of 9-10 years old boy. During the mass killing he must have been crying, badly and crying expression is vividly evident in his face. Do the Russian and French trained terrorists brainwashed so much that they have lost the human values ? This is the crime of hatred and enmity. The intend of total annihilation ambition caused a savagery that is beyond the comprehension

Figure 2. Unarmed Civilians were murdered brutally. Hands cuffed, cuffed legs and the arms cuffed under the tied legs and the heads tied to the feet and killed by torture.The ears, the nose were cut off, the eyes were poked out, and the abdomens were bayonetted and the heads and the chest burned while they were alive. Hands and arms were
smashed and chopped off. The victims were from a village in Kars. How these Armenian murderers could be called? We are Asking French Parliaments and The Russian explain this.

Figure 3. Inhumanly tortured and killed Turkish civilians most probably by victims’ trusted coward Armenian neighbors. It is difficult to use wording to describe Armenian massacre. As will be seen in most other pictures, the Armenian perpetrators tied up the feet, then the legs, the hands under the leg, and the heads were tied up to the feet, Then, these wicked knife cut the ears, the nose, and the mouth, poked eye
balls and killed them eventually by bayoneting unresponcibly. The followers of these shameless characters still seek western countries support, for what they have done. How these Armenian can describe this Turkish genocide? We believe the wording genocide is rather innocent description for their act.

Figure 4. This innocent bay ,9-12 years old, was killed by the blood thirst Armenian terrorists. He was not simply killed. His right arm was snapped off, his left eye poked out, his left chest bayoneted, and his legs were smashed. After so much mutilation let him die with a pain and suffer. Is this humane? How can he ask his right of living, after so many years? What was his quilt to be tortured this much? Is there any sensible Armenian to explain this? These Armenians could only be called as body snatchers

Figure 5. The mass killing of villagers. All of then were women and children. According to state archives the women were raped, and mutilated before the killing. Even the protruded fetus was gun shut and a womans’ face was totally axed because of her resistance for raping. The perpetual perpetrators still outcry genocide. Isn’t these seen tell the viewers who the murderers are?

Figure 6. A woman victim rescued by the Ottoman soldiers when they entered to Kars after kamavours assault and battery. Disformed face due to bayoneting was typical for the disgraceful action of these brutal bandits. Armenians call the kamavours or canavours as volunteers, this picture is one of the evidence shows that they are volunteers to kill mercilessly.

Figure 7. This woman is also another survived victim of kamavours from Kars rescued by the Ottoman soldiers. The women confined to a house, they were bayoneted and the locked house put a fire before they run away. These coward kamavours and Armenian soldiers along with other Armenians crowded the Near East Relief headquarter and created mess and discordance, as Mr Fox put it “... Mrs George White and Mr Clark at the personnel house had their hands full safeguarding our belongings, as the Armenians who took shelter there stole everything they could lay their hands on...” (From Edward Fox, Commander, N.E.R., Kars to Director General , N.E.R, Caucasus Branch, Alexandropol, November 15th, 1920).

Figure 8. This is the burnt government building in Erzurum by the Armenian terrorists. Countless Turkish people confined inside to this building, The doors were locked and the entire building was put on fire completely? What these Armenians were after? What they wanted to accomplish, with this savagery.

Figure 9. This victim was rescued from being murdered by the Hatchin Armenians right after the siege of national liberation volunteers (Kuvay-i Milliye). The picture shows that Turkish civilians were taken as a prisoner by their Armenian neighbors and bayoneted abdominally. The ironic part of it that during the siege the Armenians sent Armenian children to ask for food from Kuvay-i Milliye and Kuvay-i Milliye provided food for the Armenians to sustain while the Turks were killed either mersilessly or to die in suffocation and famine at Armenian hands as shown in this picture (19).

Figure 10. An Armenian captured Turkish civilian from Sivas hand, leg, and most probably feet cuffed then axed from his back and chest and bayoneted abdominally. Who could do such a brutal life taking to a defenseless unarmed person? It is most probably, the murderers were his confident friends

Figure 11. Turkish victims hand and leg cuffed from Lice, Diyarbak?r. The mass murder of these victims were executed by the Armenian committees. Their leader was Hono. This was happened on July 10, 1915 which is a date 4 months after April 24, 1915 which was the date Armenians’ claimed Armenian genocide. If that was true, how can this happen? This is the picture clearly showing the true Turkish holocaust which has happened after the Armenian

Figure 12. A victim from Sar?kam??. The handcuffed over his head and stabilized to the ground. His eyes were poked. The body was axe-chopped (23). There is no humane explanation for this treachery. Armenians with such act established fear and horror on the Turkish civilians to leave their homes trying to save their lives that caused a bitter exodus. How Armenians will explain this tragedy? How do they still claim they are innocent?

Figure 13. This lady was from Erzincan. The victim was raped by the despicable Armenians. Then she was mutilated, axed from the chest and back, and thrown to the street (24). The silence of the picture tells who committed the genocide. One day the history will condemn the true murderers.

Figure 14. Defenseless children in a winter lost their family covertly running for their lives caught by the Armenian militias were killed in Erzincan. What was the murderers’ goal by killing these innocent children? Is there any way these children can claim their rights of living? Doesn’t this picture tell who is the innocent and who is in charge of genocide? His excellence Mr Gahrton and the European Parliaments have to rethink for their motion. Can thousands of such occurrences have the rights for asking the truth in perspective?

Figure 15. Armenians always claimed that they were unarmed and defenseless. The picture says otherwise these were one of the murderer groups responsible for Van genocide. After their genocide they proudly wrote a letter stating that they captured city of Van and except 1600 women and children the rest were slaughtered (Gochnak, May 24, 1915, Boston, MA) (7). Before the Armenian takeover, the population of city of Van in 1895 was 420.000 (283 000 Muslims, 56 000 Armenians, and 80 000 Nestorians)(3). This number tells the magnitude of the Turkish genocide.

Figure 16. The arms and ammunition captured and confiscated by the Ottomans from an Armenian elementary school in Mara? in 1914. Can Armenians explain what these weapons and bombs were stored for in an elementary school?

Figure 17. These ammunition and weapons were confiscated from an Armenian quarter including the church in Diyarbak?r in April 14, 1914 before the relocation of Armenians. These Armenians when they were called for peace, they were refusing the peace and told the Armenians “get armed at any cost”. They were claiming that they will drive away the Turks and they will be the lord of this land (25).

[1] Courian R. Promartyrs de la civilization. Yverdon, Switzerland, pp:27, 1964.
[2] Gürün K. The Armenian File. The myth of Innocence Exposed. K. Rüstem & Bro and Weidenfeid & Nicolson Ltd. London, UK, pp:1-20, 1985.
[3] Gürün K. The Armenian File. The myth of Innocence Exposed. K. Rüstem & Bro and Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd. London, UK, pp:45-105, 1985.
[4] Glinka S. Vpisani Pereselen?ya Armian Adderbaijanskigh vi Predeli Rossii. Tipografia Lzarevigh Instuta Vostochn?gh Yaz?ko, Moskva, pp:1-142, 1831.
[5] Aknouni E. Les Piais du Caucase, Geneva, pp:10-119,1905.
[6] Whitman S. Turkish Memories. London, pp:120-121, 1914.
[7] Kocas S. Tarih Boyunca Ermeniler ve Türk-Ermeni ili?kileri. Ankara. pp:1-44, 1967.
[8] European Union Draft Report On The European Union’s Relations With The South Caucasus Under the Partnership and Cooperation Agreements January 23, 2002.
[9] Wardrop to Curzon [PRO, FO.321/49954 E 2775, 4.iii.1920]
[10] Öke M K. The responses of Turkish Armenian to the Armenian Question, 1919-1926 in: Armenians in the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey (1912-1926). Bo?aziçi University Publications, Istanbul, pp:71-88, 1984.
[11] Gürün K. The Armenian File. The Myth of Innocence Exposed. K. Rüstem & Bro and Weidenfeld &Nicolson Ltd. London, UK, pp:255-257, 1985.
[12] Türk Tarih Kurumu Bas?mevi. Atatürk’ün Söylev ve Demeçleri, Cilt 1, Ankara: pp:198, 1989.
[13] Gürün K. The Armenian File. The myth of Innocence Exposed. K. Rüstem & Bro and Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd. London, UK, pp:186-245, 1985.
[14] Papazian K S. Patriotism Perverted. Boston: pp:37-38, 1934.
[15] Gürün K. The Armenian File. The Myth of Innocence Exposed. K. Rüstem & Bro and Weidenfe?d & Nicolson Ltd. London, UK, pp:246-297, 1985.
[16] Karabekir K. ?stiklal Harbimiz. Istanbul: pp:1-1 104, 1969.
[17] Y?ld?r?m H. Ermeni ?ddialar? ve Gerçekler. Sistem Ofset Yay?nlar?, Ankara: pp:1 11-119, 2000.
[18] Atatürk Ara?t?rma Merkezi. Atatürk’ün Tamim, Telgraf ve Beyannameleri, Cilt 4: pp:387, 1991.
[19] Yurtsever C. Ermeni Terör Merkezi Kilikya Kilisesi. ?stanbul: pp:1-316, 1983.
[20] Gürbüz C. Milli Mücedele’de Develi ve Ermeniler. Kültür Bakanl???, Ankara: pp:1-266, 1996.
[21] Akbulut Y. Ermeniler ve Bingöl’de Ermeni Tehcirleri. Kültür Bakanl???, Ankara: p:1-178, 1998.
[22] Svazlian v. The Armenian Genocide In The Memoirs and Turkish-Language Songs of The Eye-witness Survivors (Tigran Tsulikian, translator). Gitutiun Publishing House. Yerevan: pp:22-30, 1999.
[23] Türközü H K. Ermeni Mezalimi, Ankara: pp:1 -115, 1982.
[24] Gazigiray AA. Osmanl?lar’dan Günümüze Kadar Vesikalarla Ermeni Terörünün Kaynaklar?. ?stanbul: pp:1-672, 1982.
[25] Beysano?lu ?. Diyarbak?r Tarihi, 2. cilt, Diyarbak?r Büyük?ehir Belediyesi, Diyarbak?r’? Tan?tma Yay?nlar? No:2. Diyarbak?r: pp:421 -872, 1998 (3. Bas?m).
[26] Ercan Y. Ermenilerin Maskesi Dü?üyor. In: Ermeni Sorunu. Yeni Türkiye 37: 523-577, 2001.
[27] Lohanizade Mustafa Nureddin. Hubb-? ?stiklalin Abidesi Gaziay?ntap Müdafas?. ?stanbul: pp.1-398, 1340 (1924).
[28] Köni H. New Lights on the Armenian Question. Cultura Turcica 11:23-38,1987.
[29] Eyicigil A. Mara?’ta Ermeni Siyasi Faaliyetleri. Gün Yay?nc?l?k. Ankara: pp.1-396, 1999.
[30] lssavi C. The Economic History of Turkey 1800-1914. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago: p.35,1980.
[31] Hüseyin Naz?m Pa?a. Ermeni Olaylar? Tarihi I, (reprinted in Latin Alphabet from the original) BOA (Ministry of Premier Ottoman Archives) No 15, Ankara pp: 1-228, especially p. 139-163, 1994.
[32] Karpat K H. Ottoman Population Demographic and Social Characteristics. University of Wisconsin Press. London:
pp.124, 1985.
[33] Karpat K H. Ottoman Population Demographic and Social Characteristics. University of Wisconsin Press. London:
pp.172, 1985.
[34] GKB= Genelkurmay Ba?kanl???, vol:4 pp.85.
[35] Gürün K. The Armenian File. The Myth of Innocence Exposed. K. Rüstem & Bro and Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd. London, UK, pp:106-185, 1985.
[36] Develi Müdafaa-i Hukuk Cemiyeti Karar No.43.7
[37] ibid Karar No. 44 Ek 8
[38] ibid Karar No. 23 Ek 11
[39] ibid Karar No. 58 Ek 12
[40[ ibid Karar No. 60 Ek 13
[41] GKB vol 4 p. 128
[42] Deve?i Müdafaa-i Hukuk - Karar no. 68 Ek. 14
[43] GKB vol 4 p.198
[44] Develi Müdafaa-i Hukuk Cemiyeti Karar No.128 Ek 15.
[45] ibid Karar No. 143 Ek 16
[46] ibid Karar No..yok Ek 17
[47] ibid Karar No. 157 Ek 18
[48] ibid Karar No. 163 Ek 19
[49] Alt?nay, AR. Kafkas Yollar?nda Hat?ralar ve Tahassüsler. ?stanbul: 1919.
[50] Saral A H. Ermeni Meselesi. Ankara: pp.400, 1970.
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- Ermeni Araştırmaları 1. Türkiye Kongresi Bildirileri-III.Cilt
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